Treaty of Waitangi Report

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  • Topic: Treaty of Waitangi, New Zealand, Māori language
  • Pages : 5 (1956 words )
  • Download(s) : 77
  • Published : April 20, 2013
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Section A: The work among the natives was of the utmost importance and although he had no power to enforce the law and order among the rough “white element” he did not establish the friendliest relationship with the Maori and paved the way for the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, New Zealand’s most important historic document. On February 6th, 1840, the Treaty of Waitangi was signed as an agreement and for the joining of two parties, the Māori Chiefs (Tangata Whenua) and British Crown (British representatives). The Treaty of Waitangi is the legal and binding living document, it’s the founding document of the country we live in today, it affects everyone in New Zealand whether they want it to or not, they could be Māori, European or Islander. The Treaty of Waitangi was signed because of colonisation, fighting and lawlessness, European wanted to immigrate and buy land, Protection for European and Maori as Tangata Whenua (people of the land). (www.nzhistory.net.nz[->0]). Why the chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi varied from region to region, they were influenced by the aims of iwi (tribe) (www.treaty2u.govt.nz[->1]). The Treaty of Waitangi is the reason those who have ancestors immigrated here have all right to be here and call New Zealand their home land. Legally there is only one but the Treaty of Waitangi has two texts, the Māori version is not an exact translation of the English and there are a lot of differences in the two versions. There has been much debate over the differences – how they came to be and what they mean. Some people argue that there are two treaties: Te Tiriti, the Māori version, and the Treaty, which is the English version. At the time the Treaty of Waitangi was signed, it is not clear how much notice was taken of the wording between the two texts by the Māori Chiefs. (http://www.nzhistory.net.nz). “The principles of the Treaty are not dismissed by time; rather it takes time to perfect them” (Chief Judge Eddie Durie). The two versions of the Treaty of Waitangi, the English and Māori versions. Which I believe is where the problems have formed because of the two texts contradict each other in certain ways, which makes it really hard to keep promises to both parties (Māori and British Crown). In the English versions it states that the British Crown have all the rights of power over sovereignty. The Māori versions talks about government overland (www.nzhistory.net.nz[->2]) which is not even the meaning of Sovereignty. It shows that the Queen decides to protect the "undisturbed possessions of their land and estates, forests, fisheries and other properties" It also explains that this as long as they desire to retain it or it could be sold to the Crown, this is all stated in the English text. As for the Māori versions of the Treaty of Waitangi the British Crown agrees to protect the Māori with their chieftainship over their villages, land and other all their treasures. The problems with the differences within the texts are the misinterpretation of the Māori Treasures. In the English version of the Treaty, Māori cede to the British Crown what is called 'sovereignty' over New Zealand. In the Māori version, this is expressed as 'kawanatanga' (governorship). The 'preamble' to the Treaty of Waitangi spells out the need for this power to allow the Queen to establish a government in New Zealand, to maintain peace, and to protect Māori rights, as more and more settlers from Britain and Europe arrive. It is common belief that Maori were intentionally deceived and not fully informed on what the Treaty meant, by Henry Williams who helped translate the text from English to Maori so it is no surprise that there is a lot of anger still surrounding the subject. There is a clause in the Treaty that gives the crown pre-emption; the Māori version guarantees Māori 'Tino Rangatiratanga' (full chieftainship) over their lands and possessions. In the English version, they are guaranteed 'undisturbed possession' for as long as...
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