Treaty of Versailles Igcse Notes

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TREATY OF VERSAILLES

a)Which terms of the peace settlement of 1919 directly affected France? -France gained territory such as Alsace Lorraine and the Saarland (which were important industrial areas) -Also, german colonies become mandates ruled by the League of Nations and France would be able to make use of them. -The league of nations menat that France’s safety would concern other countries as it woul act as an international police force. -France’s safety was assured by the terms of the treaty as germany would be economically weak due to 6600 million pounds being imposed as reparations. Furthermore its army had been greatly reduced and a natural border(The demilitarised Rhineland) had been imposed between France and Germany.

a)What military restrictions were placed on Germany by the treaty of Versailles? -Germany had to ban conscription(soldiers had to be volunteers) and could only have 100,000soldiers inits army. -It could only have six battleships.

-No armed vehicles nor aircraft nor submarines.
-The Rhineland became a demilitarised zone, no German soldiers were allowed into the area. This was important because the Rhineland was the border area between france and germany.

a)In what ways did the treaty weaken the german economy?
Germany was to accept the full blame of starting the war and therefore had to pay 6600 million pounds in reparations. Furthermore, the Saar and Upper Silesia wre lost, these were important industrial areas. Germany lost a large section of their territory and found themselves with no incomes and having to pay a great amount of money. The goverment went bankrupt and this lead to hyperinflation. The reduction in armed forces and the banning of conscription increased the number of unemployment. Unemployment also increased becaused factories when bankrupt and had to fire their workers. The ruins of the war had caused a widespread of poverty and hunger.

a)Describe what Clemenceau and Lloyd george each wanted to achieve in the...
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