The Treaty of Versailles was a peace settlement signed after World War One ended in 1918 and occurring in the shadow of the Russian Revolution and other events in Russia. In ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied countries. World War One was one of the most destructive wars in modern history. Approximately ten million soldiers died in the war. The enormous losses on each sides of the conflict resulted in part from the introduction of new weapons, such as submarines, tanks and fighter planes. As Henig (1995) states that a policy of attrition, especially on the western Front, cost the lives of hundreds of thousands of soldiers, although, the armistice signed on 11 November 1918, ended the actual fighting, it took six months of negotiations at Paris Peace Conference to conclude the peace treaty. This treaty is the Treaty of Versailles.
The Treaty of Versailles signed was expected to bring lasting peace around the world. However, 20 years later, larger war broke out – World War Two. On the one hand, many observers, politicians and historians have tend to blame the rise of Nazis for World War II. Because some of provisions in the Treaty of Versailles are too harsh for defeated nations, they believed that the Treaty of Versailles was not a fair treaty; the result was Hitler used German nationalism. On the other hand, the other observers, politicians and historians considered that the Treaty of Versailles was fair for defeated nations, because they waged war, resulting in the loss of a large number of lives, capital, shelter and food supplies and that Germany should be held responsible for their actions. Thereby, the Treaty of Versailles became one of the most controversial international agreements. In this essay, it will decide whether the Treaty of Versailles is a fair treaty or not by comparing different sides arguments. Finally, to what extend was the Treaty of Versailles a fair treaty.
The Treaty of Versailles is a fair treaty
"To the victor go the spoils" is a quote once said by Alexander the Great. With the Allies power Sanctions defeated, the entitled to over more compensation. First of all, no matter what, Germany launched World War I and it should be responsible for the conduct of War. As Aberle (http://www.internationalschooltoulouse.net/igcsehistory/term1/paris1919/laura_treaty_fair.htm, no date) states that the whole war is the error of German abides starting with attacking Serbia. No official agencies kept careful accounting of civilian losses during the war, but scholars suggest that as many as thirteen million non-combatants died as a direct or indirect result of the war. The conflict uprooted or displaced millions of people from their homes in Europe and Asia. Property and industry losses were catastrophic, especially in France, Belgium, Poland, and Serbia, where fighting had been heaviest. In any case, Germany should be held accountable for their war crimes. Alongside these statistics, was the fact that vast areas of north-eastern Europe had been reduced to rubble. Flanders in Belgium had been all but destroyed with the ancient city of Ypres being devastated. The homes of 750,000 French people were destroyed and the infrastructure of this region had also been severely damaged. Roads, coal mines, telegraph poles had all been destroyed and such a loss greatly hindered the area's ability to function normally. The victors from World War One were in no mood to be charitable to the defeated nations and Germany in particular was held responsible for the war and its consequences. During mid-1918, Europe was hit by Spanish flu and an estimated 25 million people died. This added to the feeling of bitterness that ran through Europe and this anger was primarily directed at Germany. This war is blowing residues of human civilisation. Therefore, the Treaty of Versailles was a fair treaty to Germany.
Second, the Treaty of Versailles is a fair...