Treatments of Combat Veterans with Ptsd

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Treatments of Combat Veterans with PTSD

Treatments of Combat Veterans with PTS
Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is classified as an emotional illness resulting from life-threatening or severely unsafe traumatic event. It involves personal experience witnessing deadly event, assaults, natural disasters, sexual abuse, extreme violence, terrorist attacks or military combat. PTSD victims tend to avoid places, events, people or circumstances that remind them of traumatic events responsible for the disorder, and they are extremely sensitive to normal life events (Edwards, 2010). These individuals are extremely introvert and do not involve themselves in social gatherings while consistently suppressing their thoughts. People with PTSD relive the traumatic event in the form of night mares, flash back and disturbing mental images about the trauma leading to intense fear, twinge and anxiety. Responses to PTSD however, differs with individuals, the symptoms might become vigilant right after trauma while others may experience delayed response. Extreme stress in PTSD sufferers leads to overproduction of certain chemicals that blocks sensation resulting in emotional numbness and detachment, further leading to tribulations in concentration. Also, people with PTSD have hyper arousal levels and are always found in hyper-alert state. They easily get startled, irritated or tensed due to high levels of stress hormones in the body (Harrison, 2011). PTSD is a major concern for veterans today and is visualized to be a bigger problem over time. Facts reveal that 20% of American and coalition troops are victims of PTSD, which have served in military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan since 2003 (Harrison, 2011). PTSD can lead to significant losses and last for years if not treated timely. Professional help can make all the difference. The paper discusses three articles covering various treatments strategies for PTSD victims while critically analyzing them. Cognitive theories of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) recognize the significance of classifying dysfunctional cognitions contributing to the regularity of this disorder. Insomnia and nightmares are prime features of PTSD that negatively impacts clinical course and functioning and thus, combined treatment for both is a primary concern. Also, probable therapeutic benefits of Behavioral Activation are examined as primary care-based treatment for PTSD (Hudson, 2008). Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is found largely amongst the Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom (OEF–OIF). Cognitive theories of PTSD have stressed on pinpointing dysfunctional cognitions contributing to the continuance of the ailment. Consistent ignorance of meddling thoughts and feeling prevents dependence to and extermination of fearful stimulus, and obstruct modification threatening beliefs. Alteration to a trauma, however, is challenging since thoughts patterns, physiological arousal mechanisms and attention process are devoted to future threats planning. In view of that, cognitive processes involve excessive fret and self-punishment, leading to hypersensitivity to potential threats, further worsening the situation with increased severity of PTSD symptoms while contributing adversely for prolongation of this disorder. The principal focus of cognitive-behavioral interventions is flexibility in cognitive coping strategies to manage these thoughts. Six strategies are effective to manage obnoxious processes that emerge as a response to negative life events: worry, self-punishment, reappraisal, cognitive distraction, behavioral distraction and social control. The strategies have been explored in people with PTSD and other related disorders. Studies tell that worry and self-punishment are extensively used in all clinical groups mediating between PTSD symptoms and dysfunctional cognitions, resulting in maintenance of these symptoms. Cognitive avoidance strategies such as denying, minimizing, escaping and...
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