Depression in Children:
Cognitive Behavioral Approach
University of Phoenix
Depression in Children and a Cognitive Behavioral Approach
Depression in children stem from a variety of factors relating to health, history, life events, genetic vulnerabilities, family history, and biochemical imbalances. Every individual shows different symptoms when suffering from depression; however, these symptoms interfere with the child’s daily living at school and home. Psychotherapy and medication are the most common treatments for children with depression (Depression in Children, 2012). Treating children with depression using psychotherapy is beneficial to minimize the overmedicating and any long-term effects medication plays on the developing brains and bodies of children. Both forms of treatment raise some ethical, legal, and cultural concerns.
Medicate or Not
There are advantages and disadvantages of treating depression in children with medication. Medication works faster than Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). In addition, treatment by medication complements a CBT approach. In an article from Science News (2007), the combination treatment approach outpaced the improvement rates by 85% of those treated by medication only and those treated by CBT only. The medication only group had results of 69%, and the CBT only group had results of 65% (“Depressed Adolescents Respond Best to Combination Treatment Psychotherapy Combined with Antidepressant Medication Most Effective,” 2007). A disadvantage of treatment by medication include “…higher rates of suicidal thinking (15 percent) than those in combination treatment (8 percent) and those in CBT alone (6 percent).” Also antidepressants are effective in decreasing depression in adolescents and teens; however, the risk for suicidal attempts and ideation...