There are only 3 active flyovers in Dhaka City. Another 3 are under construction. It is not good for a mega city like Dhaka.
In Dhaka city , there is little facility to travel one place to another by train . There are only few routes in Dhaka Metro : Komlapur-Tongi , Narayanganj- Komlapur etc. But this not enough . To reduce the sufferings of people , there needs a huge development in Dhaka Metro. The Dhaka Elevated Expressway runs from Shahjalal International Airport-Kuril-Banani-Mohakhali-Tejgaon-Saatrasta-Moghbazar Rail Crossing-Khilgaon-Kamalapur-Golapbagh to Dhaka-Chittagong Highway at Kutubkhali Point. A 21.5 kilometer, $1.7 Billion Phase 1, metro route has been negotiated by the Government with Japan International Cooperation Agency. The first route starts from Pallabi, northern suburb of Dhaka to Sayedabad, southern section of Dhaka.
Dhaka city lacks waterways. To improve transportation system, government has made a route in waterway. Information about this route is given below :
Total Length: 110 km
* Ashulia to Sadarghat ( 30 km )
* Dredging :17.44 lakh m^3
To be completed:
* Ashulia to Kanchpur ( 40 km )
* Dredging : 34.73 lakh m^3
Figure: Waterways around Dhaka city
4. TRANSPORTATION PROBLEMS IN DHAKA CITY:
4.1 FOOTPATH :
In any city footpaths are the prime, first and most essential mode of movement. In emergencies like fire incident, earthquake etc., when vehicles rather madly run in the roads, footpaths is the only mode of movement for the people. The city authorities have shown unpardonable irresponsibility in maintaining the footpath In case of footpath we find the following types of lacking:
4.1.1.Absence of footpath:
In addition to health reasons, in a city suffering from excessive vehicles the dwellers should be encouraged to walk. But there are sufficient amount of footpath. 4.1.2 .Poor condition:
It is needless to describe the poor condition of the footpaths in Dhaka city. The city authorities have shown unpardonable irresponsibility in maintaining the footpath. 4.1.3. Creation of obstruction:
At present electric posts, telephone posts, junction boxes etc. create obstruction on the footpath. . In some cases the authorities whose responsibility was to keep the footpath walk-able, themselves have created obstruction for selfish interests
4.2.1. Limited road space
As in many other cities in the region, systematic bus route planning based on a cycle of monitoring, planning, and implementing adjustments to the network is not in place in Dhaka. Total space occupied by roads and streets of Dhaka Metropolitan City is only 9% of its total space while that of other mega cities cover approximately 25%. Though 9% of road area of the city is available, pavement area is only 6% of total area.
4.2.2. Lack of accessible road :
In Dhaka city, there is a lack of sufficient accessible road. It is estimated that among the existing road network about half of the road lacks sufficient width to accommodate motorized emergency vehicles. In Dhaka city out of 1286 km road about 821 km of road is found to be accessible (if road width is equal and more than 4.5 m) to motorized vehicles 4.2.3. Un-organized and non integrated road network
During last twenty to thirty years, significant road development has been taken place to cope with sudden transformation of the city from provincial town to the capital of the country. But most of the transport developments have been driven by ad hoc considerations having no explicit focus on analysis of existing demand or future requirements. As a result, the road network of the city is not organized and integrated in terms of connectivity.
4.2.4. Road Crossing:
Road crossings are one of the greatest weaknesses in our road planning. They have permanently damaged our transport system. In a four-way road crossing, a vehicle at any side may have three...