Transportation

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MZUMBE UNIVERSITY
DAR ES SALAAM BUSINESS SCHOOL

TERMPAPER ASSIGNMENT

Name of Candidate: MESHACK LOISUJAKI SIWANDETI

Subject Code:5621

Subject Name:NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL LOGISTICS

Class:Msc PROCUREMENT AND SUPPLY CHAIN
MANAGEMENT

Date:05TH, December, 2011

Time:2000HRS

INSTRUCTIONS
1. There is ONE question in this paper.
2. Use Times New Roman font type and 12 font size throughout. 3. Use A4 paper, at least 8 PAGES excluding appendices and references.

Question One (Term Paper)

a. Supply Chains are inherently complex, dynamic, and fluid, characterized by uncertainty, ambiguity, and friction. These characteristics cloud the operating environment: they create risks and other inconveniences. Explain all the functions and responsibilities of Supply Chain Manager from forecasting to disposal of scrap .High light the principles followed.

b. What are the objectives of Value Analysis? Outline a method to carryout Value Analysis on an engineering product e.g. screwdriver.

Table of contents;

Question one 1 Table of contents 2 1. Abstract 3 2. Transportation 3 3. History of transport 3-4 4. Technology 5 5. Modes of transport 6-7 6. Conclusion 8

1. Abstract
Transportation improves the process of trading in goods and services within and across national borders. Transportation facilitation require adoption or mechanisms, which simplify traditional methods of trading in today’s economically integrated world, transport facilitation is not a matter of improving customs procedures at point of entry and exit only, but distribution taking place in the country in an efficient, transparent and predictable manner bases on acceptable international norms, standards and recommended practices. Economic indicators available show that countries, which affected transport facilitation, have had their economies grown more rapidly and sustainable and as a result have reduced poverty considerably.

2. Transportation
Transport or transportation is the movement of people and goods from one location to another. Modes of transport include air, rail, road, water, cable, pipeline, and space. The field can be divided into infrastructure, vehicles, and operations. Transport infrastructure consists of the fixed installations necessary for transport, and may be roads, railways, airways, waterways, canals and pipelines, and terminals such as airports, railway stations, bus stations, warehouses, trucking terminals, refueling depots (including fueling docks and fuel stations), and seaports. Terminals may be used both for interchange of passengers and cargo and for maintenance. Vehicles traveling on these networks may include automobiles, bicycles, buses, trains, trucks, people, helicopters, and aircraft. Operations deal with the way the vehicles are operated, and the procedures set for this purpose including financing, legalities and policies. In the transport industry, operations and ownership of infrastructure can be either public or private, depending...
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