Transportation

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Research Report on

2011

Usage of Public and Private
Transportation in IIUI

Supervisor: Mr. Armagan Mazhar
By:
Malik Saad Noman

12/26/2011

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Contents
Sr. no
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Topics
Introduction
 Exploratory Research

 Literature Review

Research Questions & Objectives
Questionnaire
Research Model
 Dependent Variables
 Independent Variables

Variables
 Busses timing and Class timings
 Status (living standard)
Topography
Safety
Economic stability
Valuation of time
Health
Emergency








Methodology
Target population





Population & sample
Sampling frame
Sample size
Sampling unit

Techniques
 Types of survey
 Sampling Method

Research Design
Hypothesis
Descriptive Table
Result
Conclusion
Graphs & Tables
 Appendix 1
 Appendix 2
 Appendix 3
 Appendix 4
 Appendix 5

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Introduction
In last one and half decade economic down turn which has been caused by the Capitalist society of Pakistan which includes (Industrialists, Bureaucrats, Land lords and more importantly loan lenders and Banks) overextensions of credit, because of that the Pakistan economy is declining. The daily purchase has changed from direct payment to loan of the people of Pakistan because every department and field of the nation is under the strong hand of banking and lending industries loans. People in Pakistan have started to feel the air and heat of decline in their daily life due to more burdens of loans on Pakistan and the de value of its currency. Because of this major population of the Pakistan is affected other than the 5% elite of Pakistan. And from that major population of somewhat above 90% have the families which has just been trying to cope up with the situation by earning hand to mouth and to decrease the number of children and also by literate their children. And this major population consists of youth (even a rough and rounded figure tells us that 30 million is youth is there) so it is a good part of the population which is effected directly and indirectly effected by the down turn in economy. As most of the youth is studying the feel the air like a thunder when a tsunami hit the HEC and government institutes that the government of Pakistan is not ready any more (as they were) to support the students on education. In the tenure of Musharaf govt., HEC and Government was on the upfront to support education and IT field. But after 2008 it has a decline and with that privatization of the public departments has pulled the trigger tighter on the daily life. Because of all this the prices of basic necessities, fee structure of the colleges and universities takes a drastic move towards high which push the youth and students and their families under the hammer so hard that there is stress and struggle on high in every part of student life (from family to the university) there are a lot of things which they have to look for comprising on their budget which has been allotted to them from their family. Having the future of them and their family students are much stressed up. Because the place and the country they are living in is the place where even higher education is not worth a lot now. As for the sake of success every person going to get the best education to get the job according to their field but issue is gets even worst for them when there comes the factor of terrorism and...
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