TRANSLATION In Scientific Text

Topics: Shark, Scientific method, Science Pages: 5 (502 words) Published: December 9, 2014
TRANSLATION
IN SCIENTIFIC TEXT

TRANSLATION
Translation is one of the oldest concerns in the
history and theory of language. From the
beginning, the activity of translation had an oral
aspect, the so- called 'interpretation'. Then
translation extended to written texts
.Translation is often associated with the
transliteration of literary works from one
language to another One of the most important
conditions for a translation to be correct is
accuracy. The criterion of accuracy varies
according to the style and genre of the text

SCIENTIFIC TEXT
The word science comes from the Latin "scientia,"
meaning knowledge. According to Webster's New
Collegiate Dictionary, the definition of science is
"knowledge attained through study or practice," or
"knowledge covering general truths of the operation
of general laws, esp. as obtained and tested through
scientific method [and] concerned with the physical
world." Science refers to a system of acquiring
knowledge. This system uses observation and
experimentation to describe and explain natural
phenomena. So A scientific text is an article written
specifically to explain or explore a scientific idea

The example :
SOURCE LANGUAGE
Baby Sharks Stay Still To Avoid Being Detected By Predators
 
Baby sharks still developing in their egg cases can sense when predators are near, and keep very still to avoid being detected, according to research published January 9 in the journal PLOS ONE by Ryan Kempster. Adult sharks are known to use highly sensitive receptors to detect electric fields emitted by potential prey. In the current study, researchers found that embryos of some shark species employ similar means to detect potential predators. The researchers found that, even within their egg cases, shark embryos can sense electric fields that mimic a predator, and respond by reducing respiratory gill movements to avoid detection. According to the authors, their results suggest that even at these early stages, embryonic sharks can recognize dangers and instinctively try to avoid them. Kempster adds, "Despite being confined to a very small space within an egg case where they are vulnerable to predators, embryonic sharks are able to recognise dangerous stimuli and react with an innate avoidance response.

TARGET LANGUAGE
Bayi Hiu Diam Untuk Menghindari Terdeteksi Oleh Predator
 
Bayi – bayi hiu yang masih berkembang dalam cangkang telurnya dapat mengindera ketika predator mendekat dan tetap diam untuk menghindari deteksi, menurut penelitian yang diterbitkan jurnal PLOS ONE oleh Ryan Kempster, 9 januari. Hiu dewasa diketahui menggunakan reseptor yang sangat sensitif untuk mendeteksi medan listrik yang dipancarkan oleh mangsa potensial. Dalam penelitian ini, peneliti menemukan bahwa embrio dari beberapa spesies hiu menggunakan cara serupa untuk mendeteksi predator potensial. Para peneliti menemukan bahwa, bahkan dalam cangkang telur mereka, embrio hiu dapat merasakan medan listrik yang meniru predator, dan menanggapi dengan mengurangi gerakan insang pernapasan untuk menghindari deteksi. Menurut penulis, hasil mereka menunjukkan bahwa bahkan pada tahap awal, hiu embrio dapat mengenali bahaya dan secara naluriah mencoba untuk menghindari mereka.

Kempster menambahkan, "Meskipun terkungkung pada ruang yang sangat kecil dalam cangkang telur di mana mereka rentan terhadap predator, embrio hiu mampu mengenali rangsangan berbahaya dan bereaksi dengan respon penghindar naluriah.

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