Palgrave Textbooks in Translating and Interpreting
Series Editors: Gunilla Anderman and Margaret Rogers, The Centre for Translation Studies, University of Surrey, UK Palgrave Textbooks in Translating and Interpreting bring together the most important strands of thinking in a fast-developing field. Volumes in the series are designed for Masters students in Translation Studies and Interpreting, as well as for upper-level undergradutaes considering a career in this area. Researchers and practitioners keen to refresh their knowledge of practice across the field will also find new material not readily accessible elsewhere. The series will include a core theory book and a number of individual volumes on specific topics covered in many MA courses. Titles include: C.K. Quah TRANSLATION AND TECHNOLOGY Forthcoming titles include: Ann Corsells PUBLIC SERVICE INTERPRETING AND TRANSLATING
Palgrave Textbooks on Translating and Interpreting Series Standing Order ISBN 1–4039–0393–X hardback 1–4039–0394–8 paperback (outside North America only) You can receive future titles in this series as they are published by placing a standing order. Please contact your bookseller or, in case of difficulty, write to us at the address below with your name and address, the title of the series and an ISBN quoted above. Customer Services Department, Macmillan Distribution Ltd, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG21 6XS, England
Translation and Technology
© C.K. Quah 2006 Preface © Gunilla Anderman and Margaret Rogers 2006 All rights reserved. No reproduction, copy or transmission of this publication may be made without written permission. No paragraph of this publication may be reproduced, copied or transmitted save with written permission or in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, or under the terms of any licence permitting limited copying issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency, 90 Tottenham Court Road, London W1T 4LP. Any person who does any unauthorised act in relation to this publication may be liable to criminal prosecution and civil claims for damages. The author has asserted her right to be identified as the author of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988. First published 2006 by PALGRAVE MACMILLAN Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG21 6XS and 175 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10010 Companies and representatives throughout the world PALGRAVE MACMILLAN is the global academic imprint of the Palgrave Macmillan division of St. Martin’s Press, LLC and of Palgrave Macmillan Ltd. Macmillan® is a registered trademark in the United States, United Kingdom and other countries. Palgrave is a registered trademark in the European Union and other countries. ISBN-13: 978–1–4039–1831–4 hardback ISBN-10: 1–4039–1831–7 hardback ISBN-13: 978–1–4039–1832–1 paperback ISBN-10: 1–4039–1832–5 paperback This book is printed on paper suitable for recycling and made from fully managed and sustained forest sources. A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. A catalog record for this book is available from the Library of Congress. 10 15 9 14 8 13 7 12 6 11 5 10 4 09 3 08 2 07 1 06
Printed and bound in Great Britain by Antony Rowe Ltd, Chippenham and Eastbourne
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List of Figures, Tables and Boxes Series Editors’ Preface Acknowledgements List of Abbreviations Introduction 1 Definition of Terms Machine translation Human-aided machine translation Machine-aided human translation Human translation The localization industry Conclusion 2 Translation Studies and Translation Technology Translation theory Academic and professional groups in translation Linguistic theories in machine translation systems Translation studies The translation process Conclusion 3 Machine Translation Systems Major historical developments Architectures Hybrid and interactive machine...