Management and Leadership Development
Module Tutor: Dr. Ruchi Sharma
Student Id: 77094015
The phenomenon of Leadership style has its clear and visible existence from the beginning of the civilization. Greek heroes like Lenin from Russia, Lincoln and MacArthur had one thing in common i.e. ‘LEADERSHIP’. Over the years the forms of leadership has changed. Earlier people believed that leadership comes from birth but now a time has come where organizations try to make every person a leader for the overall development of the organization. Leadership is the only tool to mould people’s mind and direct towards a common goal. ‘Effective Leadership is the soul factor in the success of an organization’. The dimensions of leadership are huge, so it becomes imperative to use it wisely. This paper has tried to elucidate the leadership concepts and how efficiently and positive directionally one should use it.
(Stone, A. and Patterson, K., 2005)
This paper concentrates on evolution and development of leadership and then gradually focuses on the style which is the best suited in contemporary management. The corporate climate is very turbulent, insecure and globally unstable. To resolve these issues the researchers and theorists have come up with very effective style i.e. transformational leadership style. Initially we have defined the transformational leadership style and then clear differentiation between transactional and transformational leadership style as the origin of transformational leadership is from transactional leadership and also at times both are considered identical. Further emphasis is laid upon the skills which make a successful transformational leader. An effort has also been made to showcase how different veterans think about the transformational leadership style. The criticism made on the above style by various scholars and justification given on it has been portrayed. To describe the above efficiently around thirty resources are used like journals, newspaper articles, blogs to collect various opinions of different people, online reports and books.
James Scouller defines “Leadership is a process that involves: setting a purpose and direction which inspires people to combine and work willingly, paying attention to the means, pace and quality of progress towards the aim; upholding group unity and individual effectiveness throughout.”(Scouller, J., 2011, p.24). Bennis and Nanus distinguish between leadership and management on their objectives and time orientation. Leadership is oriented towards change, inspire people, gain trust, communicate charismatically and long term effectiveness whereas in management managers mange stability, careful implementation of policies and short term efficiency of the organization (Yukl, G., 1999).
Over the years, researchers like Stogdill, Blake and Mouton, Kurt Lewin, Bryman, Yukl have developed leadership theories to increase the efficiency of the organization. The study has been compiled in three sections i.e. leadership model, leadership philosophies and leadership style. Leadership model consists of process, logics and framework. These are the tools which help us in making better results. Leadership philosophies are the value based ideas of how the leader should be and act. It is the foundation for processes and action plans. Leadership styles are a narrow concept which illustrates the way in which real-life leaders should behave. The following chart gives us a detailed picture of different types of Leadership styles, Models and Philosophies. (Scouller, J. and Chapam, Alan.,2011)
Leadership Models, Theories and Philosophies
The evolution of leadership can be marked form 6th century. The further developments of leadership are shown below:
Evolution of Leadership Theories Chronologically
It has become imperative for the organizations to reach above expected results to sustain in this competitive environment....
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