Training Within Security Occupations

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Week 5 Assignment
Training within Security Occupations
Leann McDonald
Eastern Kentucky University
Saturday, April 20, 2013

SSE 827, Issues in Security Management, taught by Dr. Norm Spain

Abstract
This paper discusses the training methods that will be used to train newly hired security officers. Since this training program will be designed to teach adults, it must be designed in a way that is engaging and interesting for adults, and not using a traditional classroom format. The training must include legal requirements, as well as training on policies specific to the hiring organization. Since this training will likely encompass several days or weeks, it is important that it is appealing, as well as informative to the trainees so that they are motivated to continue learning.

This paper describes the three training philosophies of Adult Learning Theory: positivism, constructivism, and behaviorism, and how they will be used in the training classes. No one method will be effective for every trainee in the classroom because all individuals learn in different ways. It is the instructor’s job to determine how to conduct his training classes, however this paper explains that the best method of training individuals would be a combination of all three.

Training within Security Occupations
Even though newly hired security officers may be very well experienced and trained through past employers, a training program specific to this position must be implemented as soon as possible, if not immediately, after hiring a security officer. This is so that the level of security provided is consistent for all security staff, as well as to ensure that all employees meet federal state, and local legal requirements and are well versed in company policies and procedures. There are many principles of adult education that could be used to conduct the employee training. Three of those philosophies are positivism, constructivism, and behaviorism. While each method has positive and negative aspects, each of them is used in various forms throughout most adult learning scenarios. The best method of training individuals would be a combination of all three. In the positivism method, the training is typically conducted in a lecture format. According to Moore (2010), “positivism assumes that scientific knowledge is the highest form of knowledge, and that scientific knowledge comes from studying directly observable and measurable events…according to positivism, then, the world consists of laws and principles that are discovered through direct observation.” This method is beneficial because it allows the trainer to instruct the security staff using information and materials with which he or she is comfortable. It also allows the instructor to use examples, such as pictures or diagrams, which could more clearly relay his lessons. Additionally, the positivism method will also help ensure consistency because one person will be explaining definitions as they relate to the security officer’s job requirements. If more than one person were doing so, it is likely that there would be conflicting definitions or examples, due to individual experiences and training. Since one person will be conducting the training, there will be only one person’s definitions to learn, thus eliminating, or at least greatly reducing the confusion or miscommunication in understanding the expectations of this job. The disadvantage to positivism is that it is limited by the trainer’s knowledge and experience. In positivism, if the trainer has not experienced it, it cannot be incorporated into the training. The constructivism model of adult learning is one where the trainer poses problems for participants to solve. Ernest von Glasersfeld (1989) believed that Constructivism maintains two main beliefs. The first is that learning is not submissively accomplished, but is only achieved by the students who take an active role in their training environment. The...
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