Training and Development

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Training & Development
When most people think of company training, the first thing that comes to mind is "inconvenience." Training conjures images of sudden scheduling; disruption of their personal life; travel; long, drawn out sessions and a sense of relief mixed with futility when it is over. Hardly the best mindset for learning!

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TitlePage #
Introduction…………………………………………………………………………3

What is Training?.......................................................................................................3

Why is Training Important?.......................................................................................3

What Training is Needed?..........................................................................................4

Types of Training?.....................................................................................................5
Informal Training…………………………………………………………..5
Formal Training……………………………………………………………9
Self-Directed Training…………………………………………………….12
Effective Training…………………………………………………………14

Motivation in Training…………………………………………………………….17

Training Evaluation………………………………………………………………..19

Conclusion…..……………………………………………………………………..19

References…………………………………………………………………………..21

Introduction: The role of HRM professionals

HR management professional and their responsibilities, approaches, and credibility with upper management vary from organization to organization to organization. In some, HR is a full, contributing partner to the mission and strategies of organizations. However in other organizations HR remains more of a clerical and administrative operation limited primarily to doing payroll and benefits work. The difference between the two extremes has to do both with what upper management wants HR management in the organization to be, and with the competencies that HR staff have demonstrated. (12)

What is Training?

Training, by definition, is:
1.To coach in or accustom to a mode of behavior or performance. 2.To make proficient with specialized instruction and practice. 3.To teach and form by practice; to educate; to exercise; to discipline 4.An activity leading to skilled behavior (15)

Training in the workplace is a process whereby people acquire capabilities to aid in the achievement of organizational goals; it provides employees with specific, identifiable knowledge and skills for use in their present job. (12)

Why is Training Important?

Training is important because many human resource professionals are having a difficult time finding qualified entry level workers who posses the basic reading, writing and reasoning skills needed for today's workplace. In some cases, employers must complete the basic training that they believe high schools and technical colleges fail to provide. A high school diploma, and sometimes even a college degree, is not an indicator of the skills a person should have. The gap between the well educated, well skilled, and the non-educated, non-skilled is becoming more obvious due to the decline in manual labor jobs. (10)

Training is also important in aiding in underemployment and employee retention. Many students come out of college and are recruited into jobs that aren't challenging and move them along slowly. They then quit in search for other opportunities. Ongoing training would keep these students interested and learning new and challenging things, also enabling them to move up quicker. (10)

There are many competitive pressures facing organizations today that require them to have employees whose knowledge, and ideas are current, and whose skills and abilities deliver results. Employees who must adapt to the mass amount of changes happening within organizations must be training continually in order to maintain their capabilities. (12)

Many companies realize that training and development are integral to competitive business success. They realize that...
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