(Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Bachelor OF BUSINESS Management Degree Course of Bangalore University)
REG NO: 08CUC08047
Under the Guidance of
Mrs. DEBASMITHA KOLEY
VIVEKANANDA DEGREE COLLEGE
Department of Management Studies
Rajajinagar, Bangalore – 560055.
PART – A
History Of Soap and Soap Industry:
Soap factory (manufacturing) was started in North America, early in the history of European Colonies and of the republic some American companies with currently well known names started 50 to 200 years ago. During middle, Soap was made at various places in Italy, France, Spain, England and possible other countries, Marseilles in France became particularly famous and many small factories were established there.
Mankind knew about soap nearly 2000 years back in 70 AD when Mr. Polly and Mr. Elder accidentally discovered the soap when roasted meat overflowed on floor in ashes .this lump like product was soap and had foaming and cleaning character. Since then 1192 AD the first commercial bath soap was made and marketed by Mr. Bristol in London. It is in 1031 that for the first time detergent was discovered by Mr. Grency in the sulphonated olive oil and almond oil .the world consumption of soap in 1884 A.D. was said to be 2lakh tons/ annum and it was in this year Mr. W.H. Lever entered the field of the soap making in a big way. In England and probably many other countries, soap manufacturing was carried out in large number of very small factories and in a farmhouse and other homes. Gradually the trade becomes concentrated in small no. of large factories and this process has contained and accelerated with development in technology and marketing of detergent products. During the first and Second World War and the period between various alternatives to soap were developed particularly in Germany and later in USA. In part , this was to obtain detergent products from petroleum and other non –fatty materials because of shortage of oils and fats, although some soap alternatives were still made from fats . By the mid 1950’s product based on non-soapy detergents had obtained a major share of the market in many developed countries. Soap powders continued to be very important in UK and are still significant there, although they are declining steadily. In most of developed countries soap products are now relatively insignificant in the domestic market except in toilet soaps used in personal washing. In less developed countries, house hold soaps continue to be main detergent. In India Northwest Soap company established the first soap industry in 1897 at Merrat. Following the Swadeshi Movement in 1905 onwards, few more factories were setup they are: * Mysore Govt. factories at Bangalore
* Godrej soaps in Bombay
Followed by Bengal Chemicals, TATA oil mills and later in 1930 the multinational lever brothers company, today there are about 50 unit in the organized sector and 15200 and above in small scale sector. COMMERCIAL EQUATION
OIL + NaOH > Soap + Glycerin
The function of soap industry is to remove dirt and oil from the surface. The word soap is derived from Latin word “Soap” means pastry material. Soap Industry in India
The true picture of soap industry in India began with M/s. Godrej setting up their manufacturing unit during 1918 in Bombay and M/s. Govt. Soap factory in Bangalore. During 1930, M/s. TATA Oil Mills company setting up their manufacturing unit at Bombay and Kolkata. The industry stagnated due to in-format price control. The industry soon recovered and experienced sharp uprising during 1974.
PART - B
Introduction (About Subject)
The growth of a country depends upon the growth of its economy as we can make out economy of a country is a broad...