Types of Training
There are many approaches to training. We focus here on the types of training that are commonly employed in present-day organisations. Skills training: This type of training is most common in organisations. The process here is fairly simple. The need for training in basic skills (such as reading, writing, computing, speaking, listening, problem solving, managing oneself, knowing how to learn, working as part of a team, leading others) is identified through assessment. Specific training objectives are set and training content is developed to meet those objectives. Several methods are available for imparting these basic skills in modern organisations (such as lectures, apprenticeship, on-the-job, coaching etc.). Before employing these methods, managers should: • explain how the training will help the trainees in their jobs. • relate the training to the trainees' goals.
• respect and consider participant responses and use these as a resource. • encourage trainees to learn by doing.
• give feedback on progress toward meeting learning objectives. • Refresher training: Rapid changes in technology may force companies to go in for this kind of training. By organising short-term courses which incorporate the latest developments in a particular field, the company may keep its employees up-to-date and ready to take on emerging challenges. • It is conducted at regular intervals by taking the help of outside consultants who specialise in a particular descriptive. • Cross-functional Training: Cross-functional Training involves training employees to perform operations in areas other than their assigned job. There are many approaches to cross functional training. Job rotation can be used to provide a manager in one functional area with a broader perspective than he would otherwise have. Departments can exchange personnel for a certain period so that each employee understands how other departments are...
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