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Tragedy is usually divided into two basic kinds; Traditional and Modern. Alot of great tragedies were traditional tragedies. The modern kind did not come around til about the late 19th century.In Traditional tragedies, the hero or heroine of the play is an "extraordinary character"; a king, queen, or someone of high social standing. The person of high standing usually gets caught in a series of tragic circumstances, and it usually seems as if the universe is trapping the character into an inescapable fate. The character usually feels helpless but after the situation becomes too difficult, and the character realizes that there is no honorable avenue of escape, they decide to meet their fate. The hero then accepts responsibility for his or her actions and at most times shows a willingness to suffer for whatever they deserve. Another thing that sets traditional tragedy and modern apart is the actual language of the play. In traditional tragedy the language is verse. This is because often times the character is trying to express profound ideas; dealing with and expressing extreme emotions in a human's life; most find that this is best expressed in poetry. In Traditional tragedies there are many morals, and hold so much meaning, that most people can spend their lives analyzing them just to obtain the full measure their meaning. In Modern tradgedies, kings and queens are not the central figures, and the language in which the play is written is "prose" rather than "verse". Modern tragedy is a form of tragedy which relates to our modern age. Many playwrights of modern drama argue that we do not have so many kings and queens in real life today, as we did before. This being said, they claim we can, and do, still have characters today who stand as symbolic figures for important segments of society. While traditional tragedy uses eccentric language and poetry to convey it's message, Modern focuses more on non-verbal expression. The structure of the plot, the movements and gestures used, elements; such as sound and light, all communicate meanings "below the surface" that words cannot. Modern tragedy's purpose was to express things through what Konstantin Stanislavsky called the "subtext" of a play. He found that the emotions, tension, and thoughts of a character appeared much stronger when they weren't displayed directly into the text.Though these two approaches seem completely different, they both convey the same message and ask the same questions: "Why do people suffer,why does violence and injustice exist, what is the meaning of our lives."

2…The term ‘Tragedy’ is used in a common parlance, and yet it cannot be reduced to a formula, for it has so many shades that it actually defies a logical analysis. An American critic has admirable summed up Tragedy in a few words: “Courage and inevitable defeat.” Now-a-days we can never think of a Tragedy without an unhappy ending. But the Greeks did. Philoctetes by Sophocles, for example, has no unhappy ending. There is a similarity between the ancient Greek Tragedy and a modern Tragedy. The hero and certain other characters are caught in a difficult situation.The character and plot in most of Tragedies are linked up. In Greek Tragedies fate played a very important part, but after the Renaissance character became more and more prominent. In some of Shakespearian Tragedies, despite the importance of character, the motivation of action comes from the supernatural forces or even external circumstances. In modern Tragedies, the hero is often the victim of social forces.Aristotle defined Tragedy as “a representation of an action, which is serious; complete in itself, and of a certain length; it is expressed in speech made beautiful in different ways in different parts of the play; it is acted, not narrated; and by exciting pity and fear it gives a healthy relief to such emotionsTragedy must be spoudaious i.e. noble, serious, and elevated. The Greek root for Tragedy is tragoidia, which means...
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