World History H
4th Quarter Project: Trafficking of Women and Children
Trafficking is a type of slavery involving trade or transport of someone. Trafficking affects virtually every country in the world. It is said that trafficking is the third largest source of profit for organized crime. (http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/9107.pdf) Trafficking usually happens in women and children because most societies still feel they are a burden. Women and children are also needed because of the need for sex tourism, sex workers, cheap sweatshop labor and domestic workers. Women and children will suffer mental and physical abuse from the traffickers. This includes beatings, rape, seclusion and confinement. (http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/9107.pdf) There are two categories which trafficking is listed as. There is sex-based and non-sex based. (www.legalserviceindia.com/articles/tch_wo.htm) For sex-based this includes prostitution which is the practice of engaging in sex with someone for payment, pornography which is printed or visual material containing sexual organs or sexual activity and lastly there is cyber sex which is a virtual sex encounter which two or more people connected on the computer send each other messages describing a sexual experience. Then there is non-sex based which is domestic labor which is when someone works within the employer's household, industrial labor which is labor in industry and sweatshops which is a factory or workshop where manual workers are employed at very low wages for long hours and under poor conditions. There are 7 main laws that help stop human trafficking. They are William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008, Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005,Prosecutorial Remedies and Other Tools To End the Exploitation of Children Today Act of 2003 (PROTECT Act),Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2003,Victims of...