Traffic Jam

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Journal of Management and Sustainability; Vol. 2, No. 2; 2012 ISSN 1925-4725 E-ISSN 1925-4733 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education

Possible Causes & Solutions of Traffic Jam and Their Impact on the Economy of Dhaka City Khaled Mahmud1, Khonika Gope1 & Syed Mustafizur Rahman Chowdhury2 1 2

Institution of Business Administration, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh Department of Business Administration, Northern University Bangladesh, Bangladesh

Correspondence: Khaled Mahmud, Institution of Business Administration, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh. E-mail: khaled@iba-du.edu Received: February 7, 2012 doi:10.5539/jms.v2n2p112 Abstract Dhaka, capital of Bangladesh, is the most densely populated city in the whole world. More than twelve million people live in Dhaka city. Day by day the number is increasing and most part of Dhaka is badly affected by huge traffic jam. Faulty traffic signaling systems, inadequate manpower, narrow road spaces and overtaking tendency of drivers create pro-longed traffic congestions. Due to traffic jam a substantial portion of working hours have to be left on streets which indirectly put adverse impact on economy. It causes serious air pollution and noise pollution and thus worsens the overall environmental condition. To reduce traffic jam, government can consider construction of roads through east-west connection of Dhaka city, construction of circular embankment-cum-road along the periphery of Dhaka city, grade separated road network system, bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system, and Metro-Rail system. By reducing traffic jam, this city can play a very important role by ensuring healthy environment free from noise and pollution. Keywords: traffic jam, Bangladesh, economy, environment, Dhaka city 1. Introduction Dhaka city’s traffic system is considered to be one of the most chaotic ones in the world. The residents are compelled to undergo physical stress and suffer financial losses in terms of man-hours lost on working days. The media, both print and electronic, have been constantly highlighting the sufferings of the commuters in Dhaka city because of the nagging traffic problem. Yet no solution to the problem, apparently, is in sight, at least, in the short and medium terms, though a lot has been said and a big-enough programme, undertaken with the assistance from a multilateral lender to improve the traffic situation of the capital city in recent years. Various attempts were taken by previous governments including special meeting with the agencies concerned to devise means to help reduce the intensity of traffic problem in Dhaka city. Some tangible improvements were assured within the shortest possible time. But, in fact nothing has happened with the traffic police remaining indifferent, in many cases, to their usual duty. The drivers of buses and trucks and the rickshaw-pullers continue to be as defiant as before. In the past politicians were often blamed partially for the chaotic traffic because of their alleged involvement in billion-taka toll collection from bus and truck owners and bus terminals. The advisers of the caretaker government were believed to be clean in this respect. Yet, there was no improvement in the traffic situation. The public buses are still ignoring the authorized bus stoppages and picking up and dropping passengers from any point -- even from the middle of the road. At the bus stoppages, the drivers park buses in a haphazard manner blocking normal traffic movement. Then again, the buses do very often overtake other vehicles from the wrong side. Over 95 per cent of the buses plying on different routes of Dhaka city do not comply with requirements under the Motor Vehicles Act (MVA). They do not have back lights, indicators etc. The on-duty traffic sergeants, deliberately or otherwise, overlook violation of MVA and other traffic rules, for reasons best known to them. Against this backdrop, the Dhaka City Corporation (DCC), according to a...
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