Media are means of communication that relay a message from a source to a receiver. In a learning environment there are six categories of media. Text is one of the most common categories. It can be displayed in many different ways including books and posters. Audio is another common category that involves anything the learner can hear. Visuals also are a good category of media that stimulates learning through posters or drawings. Another type of media is video. Video is a type of media that shows motion such as a videotape or computer animation. Manipulatives also known as objects are the fifth category of media. These include objects that can be touched or handle by the learner. The final category of media are people. People such as teachers, students, and subject experts all play a key role in learning.
Media format is another aspect of traditional media. Media format is the actual physical form in which media is conveyed. Some of these physical forms include markerboards, Powerpoint slides, CDs, DVDs, and computer multimedia. When deciding which format is suitable for a particular lesson many variables need to be accounted for. These variables include instructional setting, learner variables, nature of the objective, and presentational capabilities of the media format.
Summarization of Traditional Media and Looking Ahead
Traditional media in the classroom plays a crucial role in the instruction of students today. The instructor uses traditional media to engage learners and enhance their learning experience. The instructor can achieve this through the use of visuals, audio, and video.
Projected and non-projected are two types of visuals utilized in the classroom. Projected visuals can be introduced to the learners through presentation software, digital images, document camera projections, and overhead projections. Non-projected visuals are those that do not require equipment to view. These visuals include still pictures or drawings for example.
Audio in the classroom adds a different dimension to the learning experience. Instead of having students read about a particular event, they can listen to a recording of the actual event. This will give students more information to relate to a particular event. Digital audio formats and analog audio formats are the two types of audio used in the classroom. Digital audio format is that heard from CDs, MP3s, WAVs, and so on. Analog audio format is not as common today but is heard from cassette tapes. These two formats are both useful in enhancing the learning environment for students.
Video in the classroom is also a good way to broaden the learning experience for students. Videos are a useful tool for adding key information to a particular subject matter. Also, videos can help the instructor educate the learner on a subject matter that he or she is not that familiar with. With video the instructor has to keep in mind things such as propaganda, censorship, and main stream media bias. Video in the classroom will always be a useful tool in the education of students.
Looking ahead towards the future, technology and media seem to have an increasing role in the classroom. The digital teacher will utilize technology to aid in the organization of student records as well as the education of the learners. The digital student will use technology with ease to further expand their knowledge base and enhance their capabilities as students. Distance education will help bridge the gap between schools and homes. Things such as mobile computing, innovative software, and electronic books will further the role of technology and media in the classroom. Technology and media is an ever changing concept and will continue to expand and evolve in future years.
Benefits, Relevance, and Application of Traditional Media
In the classroom traditional media can be used in a variety of ways. The use of technology in the classroom is gaining momentum as the years...