ms104154 & ms104151 b.sc fad 3rd sem |
Embroidery is the art or handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and thread or yarn. Embroidery may also incorporate other materials such as metal strips, pearls, beads, quills, and sequins. A characteristic of embroidery is that the basic techniques or stitches of the earliest work—chain stitch, stitch, running, satin stitch, cross stitch—remain the fundamental techniques of hand embroidery today. Machine embroidery, arising in the early stages of the Industrial Revolution, mimics hand embroidery, especially in the use of chain stitches, but the "satin stitch" and hemming stitches of machine work rely on the use of multiple threads and resemble hand work in their appearance, not their construction.
Embroidery tradition of India is one of the most richly diverse and masterly in the world. Some embroidery stitches have their foundation in early textiles, basketry, mat making and weaving; others developed from early sewing, where stitches were used for joining pieces of fabrics. Indi lies along the ancient trade across Asia. This has resulted in the introduction of many cultural and religious influences from other countries. India has very extensive coastline, which has enabled trade to flourish with many countries like Portugal, Holland, France, and Britain. These became invaders rather than trading partners, with obvious effects on cultures and crafts of India. The major influence on Indian textile was the Persian taste and tradition which prevailed during Mughals Empire. Other significant influences came from Europeans specially British. India has assimilated and made its own many of the ideas introduced by these people and throughout history, has been renowned for the diversity, quality and richness of its textiles. Different types of Indian traditional embroidery
Kantha is a type of embroidery popular in Bangladesh and in West Bengal, India. The use of kantha is popular in saris traditionally worn by women in Bengal, but any garment or cloth with kantha embroidery (having a border of decorative running stitch motifs) may be called a kantha garment. Kantha stitching is also used to make simple quilts. Women in Bengal typically use old saris and cloth and layer them with kantha stitch to make a light blanket, throw or bedspread, especially for children. Kantha is very popular with tourists visiting Bengal and is a specialty of Bolpur/Shantiniketan, and is similar to the decorative running stitch of Japanese sashiko quilting. Kantha originated from the way in which Bengali housewives mended old clothes by taking out a strand of thread from the colorful border of their saris and making simple designs with them. Fig 2
Kantha is still the most popular form of embroidery practiced by rural women. The traditional form of Kantha embroidery was done with soft dhotis and saris, with a simple running stitch along the edges. Depending on the use of the finished product they were known as Lepkantha or Sujni Kantha. The embroidered cloth has many uses including women's shawls and covers for mirrors, boxes, and pillows. In the best examples, the entire cloth is covered with running stitches, employing beautiful motifs of flowers, animals, birds and geometrical shapes, as well as themes from everyday activities. The stitching on the cloth gives it a slight wrinkled, wavy effect. Contemporary Kantha is applied to a wider range of garments such as sarees, dupatta, shirts for men and women, bedding and other furnishing fabrics, mostly using cotton and silk.
Kasuti is a form of embroidery that comes from the state of Karnataka in India. It resembles the embroidery of Austria, Hungary and Spain. It is a domestic art that has now taken on commercial forms. Kasuti means embroidery in Kannada, the...