WHAT IS A TRADE UNION? A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers that have banded together to achieve common goals such as better working conditions. The trade union, through its leadership, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members and negotiates labour with employers. This may include the negotiation of wages, work rules, complaint procedures, rules governing hiring, ﬁring and promotion of workers, beneﬁts, workplace safety and policies. The agreements negotiated by the union leaders are binding on the rank and ﬁle members and the employer and in some cases on other nonmember workers. HISTORY The origins of unions' existence can be traced from the 18th century, where the rapid expansion of industrial society drew women, children, rural workers, and immigrants to the work force in numbers and in new roles. This pool of unskilled and semi-skilled labour spontaneously organised in ﬁts and starts throughout its beginnings,and would later be an important arena for the development of trade unions. Trade unions as such were endorsed by the Catholic Church towards the end of the 19th Century. Pope Leo XIII in his "Magna Carta"— Rerum Novarum—spoke against the atrocities workers faced and demanded that workers should be granted certain rights and safety regulations. The term "trade union" was ﬁrst coined by the Romanian professor Matei Coltan who studied at the University of the West of England. HOW DO THEY FUNCTION ! If people of a union
1. WHAT IS A TRADE UNION?
2. HISTORY OF TRADE UNIONS
3. HOW DO TRADE UNIONS FUNCTION
4. LIST OF TRADE UNIONS
5. TRADE UNIONS IN INDIA
have work trouble with salary or working conditions, they share this with the union. The union representative ﬁrst talks to the employer. If this method is not effective they go on strikes. !
LIST OF TRADE UNIONS
■ ■ ■ ■ Industrial Workers of the World IWW ("Wobblies") (IWW Homepage) International Trade Union Confederation International Workers Association (Web page: IWA-AIT) World Federation of Trade Unions (Web page: WFTU) Building and Wood Workers' International Education International (Web page: EI) FIFPro (Web page: ﬁfpro.org) International Afﬁliation of Writers Guilds (Web page: IAWG) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ International Arts and Entertainment Alliance - IAEA (FIM+ FIA + UNI-MEI) International Federation of Chemical, Energy, Mine and General Workers' Unions (Web page: ICEM) International Federation of Journalists (Web page: IFJ) International Metalworkers' Federation (Web page: IMF) International Transport Workers' Federation (Web page: ITF) International Textile, Garment and Leather Workers' Federation (Web page: ITGLWF) International Union of Food, Agricultural, Hotel, Restaurant, Catering, Tobacco and Allied Workers' Association (Web page: IUF) ■ ■ Public Services International (Web page: PSI) Union Network International (Web page: UNI)
Sectoral global union federations
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Confederation of Trade Unions (Albania) (KSSh) United Independent Albanian Trade Unions (BSPSh) General Union of Algerian Workers (Web page: UGTA)
COUNTRY LIST OF TRADE UNIONS
■ ■ ■ ■ Andorran Workers' Union General Centre of Independent and Free Unions of Angola (CGSILA) Independent Union of Maritime and Related Workers (SIMA) National Union of Angolan Workers (UNTA) Antigua Trades and Labour Union (ATLU) Antigua Workers' Union (AWU or ABWU) Antigua and Barbuda Public Service Association (ABPSA) ■ Leeward Islands Airline Pilots Association (Web page: LIALPA)
Antigua and Barbuda
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Argentine Workers' Center (Web page: CTA) Consejo Coordinador Argentino Sindical (CCAS) Federación Agraria Argentina General Confederation of Labour (Argentina) (Web page: CGT)
Aruba Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Barbados
Aruban Workers' Federation (fta) Austrian Trade Union Federation (Österreichischer...