Trade Union Development
UNIT 4 TRADE UNION DEVELOPMENT and Functions
After going through this unit, you should be able to understand:
l the growth and development of trade unions in India, and
l the functions and problems of trade unions.
4.2 Origin and Growth of Trade Unions
4.3 Development of Trade Unions in India
4.4 Indian Unions Today
4.5 The Trade Unions Act: Legal Framework for Trade Unions
4.6 Functions of Trade Unions
4.7 Strengthening of Trade Unions
4.9 Self-Assessment Questions
4.10 Further Readings
Trade Unions have become an integral and powerful factor in the contemporary
system of production and distribution of goods and services. Modern industrialisation
has paved the way for trade unions. They are now exercising a strong influence on the
methods of production of goods and services, their distribution, the allocation of
economic resources, the volume of employment and unemployment, the character of
rights and privileges, policies of governments, the attitude and status of large masses
of population, and the very nature of economic and social organisations. Under such
conditions their role has evoked deep and wide controversies. For a developing
economy such as ours, trade unions and their policies are of special significance. As
such, in order to assess their functions, role and prospects, it is essential to go into the
origin and development of trade union movement and to outline the factors that helped
them reach such a strong and forceful position from a small and humble beginning.
Meaning of Trade Union
The term trade union has been defined variously by different authors. Some view that
these are only associations of employees or persons working in industry and wage
earners engaged in one or more professions, undertakings or business, while others
view that these also include employers organisations and friendly... [continues]
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