During the past decades, with the rapid growth of the economic globalization, U.S. manufacturing employment continued to decrease as a proportion of total employment. And at the same time that unionization has declined in the private sector, it has gained in the public sector as concerns about job security have increased. “Any organization, whose membership consists of employees, which seeks to organize and represent their interest both in the workplace and society and, in particular, seeks to regulate the employment relationship through the direct process of collective bargaining with management.”(Michael Salamon 1987) This definition of trade union explains that a trade union is an organization of workers that seeks to protect and advance the interests of its members by negotiating with employers on pay and conditions of work. Trade unions are a part of society. A strong and recognized trade union is very important because that its existence is a pre-requisite to industrial peace. “A Trade Union is an organization that is formed by workers to look after and protect the interests of workers at any workplace such as factories, mining and steel industry, agricultural workers, etc. Trade Unions are found among ‘blue-collar’ and ‘white-collar’ workers.” (© Chand, A. 2007). This definition indicates that all different class of workers including agricultural workers, ‘blue-collar’ and ‘white-collar workers’ can be protected their interests because trade union are produced by these workers themselves. “Organization whose membership consists of workers and union leaders, and whose principal purposes are to (1) negotiate wages and working condition terms, (2) regulate relations between workers (its members) and the employer, (3) take collective action to enforce the terms of collective bargaining, (4) raise new demands on behalf of its members, and (5) help settle their grievances. Trade unions are generally classified as: (a) Company union that represents interests of only one firm and may not have any connection with the trade union movement. Also called house union, a company union is often a bogus one and generally illegal. (b) General union that represents workers from several firms from the same industry. Also called industrial union. (c) Craft union that represents skilled workers in a particular field such as carpentry or welding.” (from www.businessdictionary.com) From all the definitions above, the definition of trade union is very exhaustive as it includes associations of both the workers and employers and the federations of their associations. Then this definition, primarily, talks about three relationships. They are the relationships between the: •workmen and workmen,
•workmen and employers, and
•employers and employers.
Thus, a trade union can be seen as a group of employees in a particular sector, whose aim is to negotiate with employers over pay, job security, working hours, etc, using the collective power of its members. In general, a union is there to represent the interests of its members, and may even engage in political activity where legislation affects their members. Trade unions are voluntary associations formed for the pursuit of protecting the common interests of its members and also promote welfare. They protect the economic, political and social interests of their members.
2.0Trade Union in USA
2.1History of Trade Union in USA
The history of trade union in the United States is as old as the nation itself. In 1778, New York journeyman printers won a wage increase through collective action. Pre-Civil War Unions
Union membership swelled in the early 1830s. Unions in major U.S. cities successfully used strikes to secure wage increases. The Birth of National Unions
National trade unions began to be set up in the 1850s.After the Civil War, unions represented trades or industries. But at that time, the first national movements were organized on a national basis, without...