Labour movement implies in some degree, a community of outlook, it is an organization, or rather many forms of organizations based upon the sense of common status and a common need for mutual help. The trade union movement on the other hand, started after 1918, when the workers formed their associations to improve their conditions. It is, thus, a part of the ‘labour movement’, which is a much wide term. Why the Trade Union Movement?
The main elements in the development of trade unions of workers in every country have been more or less the same. The setting up of large-scale industrial units, created conditions of widespread use of machinery, new lines of production, and brought about changes in working and living environment of workers, and concentration of industries in large towns. It was this labour protest on an organized scale, through the support of some philanthropic personalities, that organized labour unions came to be formed. Growth and Development of the Trade Union Movement
The growth and development of. the labour - movement , and for that part of the trade unions,in India, can be divided into following periods, each of them revealing different tendencies that mark it from others. SOCIAL WELFARE PERIOD (1875 TO 1918)
The development of industries led to large-scale production on the one hand and social evils like employment and exploitation of women and child labour and the deplorable workable conditions, the government’s attitude of complete indifference in respect of protection of labour from such evils, on the other. It was in 1890 that one Mr. N. M. Lokhande, himself a worker, organized a meeting of 10,000 textile workers for a very simple demand of weekly holiday and it was granted to textile workers in Mumbai. Encouraged by this success, Bombay Mill hands Association was formed in 1890 by N.M. Lokhande. However , it was only after the First World War that the trade unionism took firm roots in Indian soil. Early Trade Union...