Employees association constitutes one of the stakeholders in IR. These associations are popularly known as trade union .Trade unions are not mere striking and negotiation on behalf of workers. Their role is much wider. Union for example may make their presence felt in recruitment and selection. They may also decide who is to be hired and under what conditions. Union can also play an important role in deciding who is to be promoted, given a new job assignment, sent for training, terminated or laid off. And the role of union in IR is too well known. IT is, therefore, essential that we discuss the nature of union, why employees join union, present state of unions, their trends and other related aspects.
NATURE OF TRADE UNION
Trade union is voluntary organization of workers or employers formed to promote and protect their interests, through collective action. The trade Union act, 1926 defines a combination, whether temporary or permanent, formed (a) primarily for the purpose of regulation the relation between (i) Workmen and employers or (ii)between workmen and workmen, or(iv)between employers and employers, or(v)for imposing restrictive condition on the conduct of any trade or business, and includes any federation of two or more trade union.
Since the publication of the History of Trade Unionism  by Sidney and Beatrice Webb, the predominant historical view is that a trade union “is a continuous association of wage earners for the purpose of maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment”. A modern definition by the Australian Bureau of Statistics states that a trade union is “an organization consisting Predominantly of employees, the principal activities of which include the negotiation of rates of pay and conditions of employment for its members.
Trade unions have sometimes been seen as successors to the guilds of medieval Europe, though the relationship between the two is disputed. Medieval guilds existed to protect and enhance their members’ livelihoods though controlling the instructional capital of artisanship and the progression of members from apprentice tocraftsman, journeyman, and eventually to master and grandmasterof their craft. A trade union might include workers from only onetrade or craft, or might combine several or all the workers in onecompany or industry.
1. An analysis of works or employers.
2. Such a combination could be permanent or temporary,
3. Could include federation of two or more union, and
4. To relation among workmen, between and employers themselves. Trade unions and /or collective bargaining were o3utlawed from no later than the middle of the 14th century when the Ordinance of Laborers was enacted in the Kingdom of England.
A trade union or Labor union is an organization of workers that have banded together to achieve common goals such as better working conditions. The trade union, through its leadership, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members and negotiates labor contracts with employers. This may include the negotiation of wages, work rules, complaint procedures, rules governing hiring, firing and promotion of workers, benefits, workplace safety and policies. The agreements negotiated by the union leaders are binding on the rank and file members and the employer and in some cases on other non-member workers.
Manager has to make several strategic choices regarding the role of the organization. The most important choices are as follow: 1. Managers must decide whether the origination should remain union-free or allow unionization. 2. If unionization should be allowed, managers must decide what of union-management relationship they want. Once determined.\, they must take appropriate step to make this type of relationship a reality. 3. The management must also choose the type of tactic to use while negotiation a new wage settlement.
• Over the last three hundred...
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