Running a race well in track and field is not just going out and running, there are many things that go behind running a race. Track and field is often looked at as a sport that everyone can go out and do without training or any true commitment.
The first thing that goes behind running a race, whether it is a short distance or a long distance race is training. “ Training is a systematic process of repetitive, progressive exercise or work involving learning and acclimatization” (Payne 93) By training for an event you are able to increase the ability of the muscular system, the cardiovascular system, the endocrine system, the nervous system and also metabolism.
There are many types of different training that a runner must do to be able to perform to his or her best ability. ”Athletes need speed, strength, endurance, flexibility and skill, but different events demand different levels of each, so training must be geared to the event, the athlete and developmental stage.” (Payne 94)
Speed is obviously a huge part in a race. But most people don’t know reaction time is also extremely important as well as movement time. This is “the time taken in the action of moving the limbs.” (Payne 94) Basically this means how fast you can get your foot back on the ground after you have lifted it in between strides. This can be improved by a weight training program and by speed interval exercises. This leads to the next thing that is needed in training to run a race well, strength. Athletes’ level of strength affects so many other factors of their performance. Speed and endurance can be increased by strength. For a runner to increase their strength, they must work on the three main types of muscle: “the smooth voluntary muscles forming the walls of vessels, the cardiac muscles of the heart, and the striated skeletal muscles that are under voluntary control.” (Payne 98) Flexibility will also help with speed during a race. An athlete must establish...