Toyota Paper

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Cross-Cultural Perspectives
Jim Stewart
ETH/316
Richard Ansson
Nov 5, 2012

Cross-Cultural Perspectives
Toyota Motor Corporation was founded in September 1933 as a division of Automatic Weaving Factory car Toyota, by Japanese inventor and industrialist, Sakichi Toyoda. The company's car division and then separated on August 27, 1937 to create the Toyota Motor Corporation. In 1936 they launched their first passenger car. ("Biography Everything about Biography", 2012) Toyota began sales in the United States in 1957 with the Toyota Crown. It would take several new models and 27 years before Toyota began car production in the United States. ("Toyota", 2012) Toyota has had a limited manufacturing presence in the United States since 1972. Toyota began assembling vehicles in United States in 1984 when the Japanese entered an agreement with General Motors that led to a manufacturing plant in Fremont, California. ("Autombolog.net", 2012) Today Toyota has 10 manufacturing plants across the country that build nine different Toyota models. Toyota has created 365,000 jobs in the United States either directly or indirectly. ("Toyota.com", 2012) Primary cultural values are transmitted to a culture's members by parenting and socialization, education, and religion. There are also secondary factors that affect ethical behavior. They include differences in the systems of laws across nations, accepted human resource management systems, organizational culture, and professional cultures and codes of conduct. (Pitta, Fung, & Isberg, 1999) Ethics are the standards of behavior of a given industry or social setting... They are the promises a company or individual makes concerning quality, cost and time frame related to delivery of goods and services. Morals are a definition of what actions are right, just and fair. Morality is based less on the fulfillment of promises, and more on conforming to wide social beliefs. To act ethically is to fulfill the promises one has...
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