Did public reaction to sites like Woburn, Massachusetts create what we refer to now as brownfields and is the Ohio Voluntary Action Program an effective way in dealing with contaminated properties? There are reasons that could tell us that public reactions to sites like Woburn, Massachusetts have created what we refer to now as brownfields. The Ohio Voluntary Action Program made it possible so that companies who owned land that could be classified as brownfields could come forth, and say that they want to redevelop them without being punished by the EPA and have to pay major fines. The Ohio Voluntary Action Program uses certified and trained professionals in conjunction with the Ohio EPA to make it an effective way in dealing with the redevelopment of contaminated properties. Public reaction did create to what we refer to now as brownfields and the Ohio Voluntary Action Program can be an effective way in dealing with contaminated properties.
There is evidence that proves that public reaction to sites like Love Canal, New York and Woburn, Massachusetts have created to what we refer to now as brownfields. There are things like the Woburn Toxic Trial that brought more attention to what we know now as brownfields. Both of these sites led to the possibility of citizens living around this area to get sick or even die. This led to the evacuation of Love Canal on August 2, 1978. Also less than a week later on “August 7, 1978, President Jimmy Carter declared a State of Emergency in Love Canal and 239 families living within two rows of the landfill were permanently relocated.”(Angelo) The president also called for a second state of emergency on October 1, 1980 that would remove the remaining families from Love Canal that wanted to be relocated and provided funds for the relocation. “Partially because of the incident at Love Canal, the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) was enacted on December 11, 1980 as a federal... [continues]
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