Tourism to Alleviate Poverty in the Philippines

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Tourism to Alleviate Poverty in the Philippines
Research Paper

Presented to
Mr. Francis C. Domningo of the International Studies Department, De La Salle University - Manila
In partial fulfillment of the requirements in GLOBDEV

Submitted by
Cabatuando, Frances
Capati, Pierre
King, Richenna
Simbulan, Pamela
Vibal, Gian
C32
On
November 24, 2011

Table of Contents
A. Introduction 3
B. Objectives and Stand 4
C. Methodology and Scope 4
D. Professional Perspectives 4
E. Supporting Statements 6
1. Development of Palawan6
2. SEA Comparison 7
3. Tourism in a global perspective8
F. Conclusion10
G. References11

A. Introduction
           Composed of 7,107 islands, the Philippines is an archipelago located at the Southeast Asia that is often referred to as the Pearl of the Orient. It has a strategic location since it is heavily surrounded by big bodies of water such as the Pacific Ocean and the South China Sea. In terms of culture, the Philippines is the third largest English speaking country in the world. This is due to its long history of colonization from the Western invaders. However, even before the Spaniards occupied the Philippines, it has already been trading with different Asian countries, most prominently the Chinese and Japanese. The Philippines is blessed to have great scenic spots and unique biodiversity. One of the most popular places to visit is the Banaue Rice Terraces in Ifugao province which is considered as the Eighth Wonder of the World. The Philippines is home to animals like the Tarsier, Philippine Eagle and Tamaraw and plants such as the Rafflesia that can be seen nowhere else. Just recently, the Puerto Princesa Underground River in Palawan was hailed one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. Given the rich culture, strategic location and competitive market, the Philippines is truly a viable country to promote tourism.            In the recent years, more and more people are travelling outside their countries for leisure and non-work related trips. In year 2010, the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) revealed that there had been an all-time high of tourist arrivals counting to 935 million all over the world. It is said to be 6.7% higher compared to 2009 and 2.4% higher than 2008. Subsequently, global earnings related to tourism are expected to increase rapidly in the years to come. Southeast Asia, the region where Philippines is located, recorded 12.7% of the said 935 million tourist arrivals in 2010 but only 4.9% was registered by the Philippines. This means that we are lagging behind other tourism countries in the region. These countries include Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia and Vietnam. With that, tourism in the Philippines is yet to unveil its potential to be the premier tourist destination in the South East Asia region.

B. Objectives and Stand
The objective of the group is to show the current and planned activities, guidelines and policies of development agencies that relate the links between poverty and tourism. The group also aims to address broad issues such as the initiatives in the tourism sector to contribute to poverty elimination; strategies for maximizing the positive contribution of tourism development while minimizing environmental and social costs; and mechanisms for working with the private sector given that tourism is primarily a sector-led activity. Given these objectives, the group believes that pro-poor tourism can help alleviate poverty and achieve the economic goals of the country.

C. Methodology and Scope
The subject of this research focuses on the tourism industry of the Philippines and its role in alleviating poverty in the country. Several sources like books, journals and news articles were used for this study. The speech of the current Department of Tourism (DOT) Secretary, Mr. Ramon Jimenez, was also used to further validate the claim of the...
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