Tourism Sustainability

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Emmanuel Badal
Introduction to Hospitality Management
Student ID#: 201303039
Date: Friday 24th May, 2013

To many, sustainable tourism may be interpreted as sustaining attractions just to ensure there is a continuation of visitors and tourists coming in. However, this understanding is too adolescent. Our Common Future, sustainable development is defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Fundamentally, sustainable development ‘advocates the wise use and conservation of resources in order to maintain their long-term viability. Tourism is the security to the environmental, economic and social agenda of the government. Tourism has played a role in conservatiossn as justification for the preservation and upgrading of natural and cultural heritage. Tourism development allows business opportunities for small and medium size organizations. In order to protect natural heritage and preserve endangered species of wildlife, tourism activities are to be programmed and designed by tourism infrastructure Stakeholders in tourism development should limit the constraints on their activities done on sensitive areas. Tobago has said to be one of the finest and popular tourist destinations in the Caribbean. This tropical paradise is known for its seas, sun and sand not to mention is amazing attractions like the Argyle Waterfalls, Rain Forest, Little Tobago, Bird Sanctuary, Adventure Farm and Nature Reserve, Fort King George, Scarborough Botanical Gardens and many others. However, as Tobago develop their tourism industry; it produces significant impacts on natural resources, consumption patterns, pollution and social systems. The need for sustainable/responsible planning and management is imperative for the industry to survive as a whole.

Tobago, one of the Caribbean's most unspoiled islands, has won awards for ecotourism, including "The Number One Eco-destination in the Caribbean" award from the Caribbean Travel Awards Committee. The House of Assembly attributes 54 percent of the island's annual GDP to tourism, and approximately 20 percent of the local workforce is directly employed within the industry. The government perceives sustainable tourism development as being crucial to both the island's economy and to the survival of local communities. Many Eco tourists are attracted by Tobago's biodiversity and varied natural habitats, which include beaches, coral reefs, rain forests, mountains and deciduous forest. These need to be protected if ecotourism is to be sustainable. Small island states are particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, so a project was done to monitor the existing and potential negative impacts of climate change on ecotourism in Tobago, including threats to endemic species and coastal habitats, changes to vegetation and increased frequency of extreme events. Sustainable Economic Development:

The main purpose of any country pertaining to economic development is to work towards a green economy. The results of a green economy are to provide social equity and human well-being for all citizens. In addition to this, a focus must also be placed on creating and sustaining employment in the tourism industry. Emphasis should also be placed on investment into small businesses that are tourism based, as these businesses have the potential to generate income if our natural resources are no more in the future. The Heritage and Stabilization Fund formerly known as the Interim Revenue and Stabilization Fund is geared towards this same result. All surplus petroleum revenues from production business are saved in this fund in order to cushion the impact or sustain public expenditure in the event of any revenue downturn. It also provides a heritage for future generations in Tobago, again from saving excess revenues from production. Maintenance of our environment is another key factor in our development. What...
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