Tourism Principles

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Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies Part One: Tourism Overview

Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies Part One: Tourism Overview

To Define Tourism You Need to Consider 4 Elements:
• The tourist – who seek psychological and physical experiences • The suppliers – who make profit by supplying the demand • The governments – who view tourism as a wealth factor in the economy and play a role in policy, development, promotion and implementation (invisible export, income redistribution from rich to developing countries...) • The host community – local people who usually see tourism as a cultural and employment factor. The interaction between the host and the locals may be beneficial or harmful or both + “the surrounding environment” 10th Edition - 2006 Chapter 1: Tourism in Perspective

Why are there multiple definitions? • There are definitions for each special purpose based on distance travelled, length of stay or purpose of the trip: – Researches – Governments – International organizations (WTO, OECD, UN…etc.)

10th Edition - 2006

Chapter 1: Tourism in Perspective

Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies Part One: Tourism Overview

Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies Part One: Tourism Overview

Definition of Tourism
Tourism may be defined as the processes, activities, and outcomes arising from the relationships and the interactions among tourists, tourism suppliers, host governments, host communities, and surrounding environments that are involved in the attracting and hosting of visitors.

WTO Definition of Tourism
Tourism comprises the activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes.

10th Edition - 2006

Chapter 1: Tourism in Perspective

10th Edition - 2006

Chapter 1: Tourism in Perspective

Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies Part One: Tourism Overview

Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies Part One: Tourism Overview

Tourism
• International Tourism
– Inbound tourism: visits to a country by non-residents – Outbound tourism: visits by residents of a country to another country

Visitor
A “visitor” is defined as any person on a trip -between two or more countries other than that in which they have their usual residence -between two or more localities within his/her country of usual residence --outside their usual environment --main purpose of visit is other than the exercise of an activity remunerated (paid) from within the place visited.

• Domestic tourism: visits by residents of a country within the country • Internal tourism: visits by residents and non-residents within the economic territory of the country of reference • National tourism: domestic tourism + outbound tourism Ref: http://stats.oecd.org 10th Edition - 2006 Chapter 1: Tourism in Perspective

10th Edition - 2006

Chapter 1: Tourism in Perspective

Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies Part One: Tourism Overview

Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies Part One: Tourism Overview

Visitors by Length of Stay
• Same-day visitors (excursionists)– staying less than 24 hrs • Tourists – staying more than 24 hrs less than 12 months (def. of UN) • So…are these tourists? – US military personnel in Iraq – Turkish diplomats in Europe – Immigrants

Visitors by Purpose of Travel

1. Recreation Travelers 2. Business Travelers 3. Other Travelers

10th Edition - 2006

Chapter 1: Tourism in Perspective

10th Edition - 2006

Chapter 1: Tourism in Perspective

Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies Part One: Tourism Overview

Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies Part One: Tourism Overview

1. Recreation Travelers (tourists)
• Travel for leisure • Can be grouped as:
– Sun-lust (mass) tourists – Wander-lust (cultural) tourists

Minium conditions to be a tourist:
• Available leisure time, free time (not working...
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