Tourism in the Czech Republic

Topics: Prague, Czech Republic, Slovakia Pages: 3 (1003 words) Published: December 14, 2013
9. TOURISM IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC, HISTORICAL CENTRES ON THE UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE LIST, TOURIST REGIONS. Size: approximately 78 800 km2
population 10 million people
geographic position – country located in central Europe
Head of state: President
Capital: Prague
Official language: Czech
Czech Republic is divided in three parts: Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia, collectively often called the Czech Lands. Czech Republic is landlocked country. The country is bordered by Poland to the north and northeast, Slovakia to the east, Austria to the south, and Germany to the west and northwest. Surface:

1/3 mountainous; there is belt of mountains around Czech Rep. The highest point in the Czech Republic, Mount Sněžka, with an elevation of 1,602 metres, is found in the Giant Mountains (Czech: Krkonoše) Water sources:

The country is rich in mineral springs, and groundwater reserves are extensively used. Thanks to mineral springs Czech Rep. has West Bohemian triangle (spa areas) Karlovy Vary, Mariánské lázně, and Františkovy lázně. Prague is set on the Vltava River. The Elbe (Czech: Labe) is one of the major rivers of Central Europe. History:

First inhabitants were Celts and because of them, because Boii was name for warriors, historians called place Bohemia. Slavs came to Czech land in 5th century A.D. Czech kingdom was founded in 9th century by prince Bořivoj. In 14th century lived one of most known Czech kings Charles IV. In 1526 came Hapsburgs on Czech throne and then there was Battle of White Mountain in 1620. After that came re-catholization and also started germanization. A nationalist movement called the National Revival started at the end of the 18th century, attempting to bring the Czech language, culture and national identity back to life. The 19th century is also characterized by the Industrial Revolution and the building of factories. A railway between Vienna and Prague was opened in 1845. The beginning of the end of the Habsburg dynasty came...
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