Tourism in India

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Ecotourism:
An Opportunity in India

White Paper Series
on
Tourism Industry

Team D’Essence

Definition of Eco Tourism
In 2001 India had more than 2.5 million inbound

natural

visitors and 234 million domestic tourists every year.

resource preservation.- World Wide Fund for

The travel and tourism industry accounts for nearly

Nature (1997)


Tourism to protect natural resources, as a
means of economic gain through



6% of India’s jobs and 4.8% of GDP, taking into

Responsible travel to natural areas that

account direct and indirect employment.

conserves the environment and

sustains the

well-being of local people – TIES (The
International Ecotourism Society)


But this is set to grow further.
The World Travel and Tourism Council predict that

Tourism that sustains or enhances the
geographical character of the place being
visited -- its environment, culture, aesthetics,

in 2003 alone, tourism demand in India will increase
by more than 7%, to US $30.1 billion. Over the next
decade, the Council predicts:

heritage and residents' well-being.
Following diagram will help more in understanding



8.8% annual growth in tourism demand

the concept of ecotourism



7.9% growth per annum in tourism-related
GDP



10.5% annual growth in overseas visitors



7.5% increase per annum in capital
investment in tourism



expenditure on tourism

Source:
www.ecotourismindia.com
Why Eco Tourism?
As the fastest growing sector in the tourism industry,
ecotourism is an attractive investment proposition.
Estimates of its relative significance in terms of
global tourism expenditure vary considerably. For
certain countries which are primarily ecotourism
destinations, the figures are even more striking. For
example, in

5.1% annual growth in government

The World Tourism Organization predicts that:


India will be hosting 5.08 million tourists in
2010

That figure will rise to 8.90 million by 2020
Ecotourism if properly implemented can integrate
conservation and rural development by helping to
protect valuable natural areas, by generating income,
stimulating economic development through tourism
expenditures and providing jobs and market for local

Costa Rica, and Ecuador, particularly the Galapagos
islands, earned US$ 275 and US$ 193 millions
respectively in 1990. Clearly, ecotourism becomes
the most significant tourism segment for many
developing countries.

goods. The effect on the local level can be anywhere
from minimal to substantial, depending on the scale
of ecotourism relative to the size of the local
economy.



Ecotourism provides several benefits, including:

Size of the area – this impacts the optimum
tourist carrying capacity of that area.

Employment






Work opportunities for local people



Accessibility - by road, railways and airport.
Underdeveloped

Indirect employment generation for people
in other states

tourist

facilities



information centers, provision of good
accommodation and food.


Lack of capital and expertise - among the
local community is a serious obstacle to

Financial

their ability to establish tourism businesses.


foreign exchange earning

Education and proper training of tourist



GNP

guides are critical factors.



state taxes



income for business and individuals



Cultural compatibility: between the tourists
and the local people.



Extent

of

acceptable

change

in

the

environment due to influx of tourists

Development


broadens economic base

India - Opportunity beckons



inter-sectoral linkages can occur

Tourism attractive aspects of India



multiplier effects



encourages entrepreneurial activity



infrastructural provision



improvement of...
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