Tourism in 1st District of Negros Oriental

Topics: Negros Oriental, Visayas, Central Visayas Pages: 7 (2077 words) Published: December 7, 2011
Negros Oriental
Negros Oriental (also called Oriental Negros) is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. It occupies the south-eastern half of the island of Negros, with Negros Occidental comprising the north-western half. It also includes Apo Island a popular dive site for both local and foreign tourists. Negros Oriental faces Cebu to the east across the Tañon Strait and Siquijor to the southeast. The primary spoken language is Cebuano, and the predominant religion is Catholicism. Dumaguete CityContents is the capital, seat of government, and most populous city [hide]

* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Topography
* 2.2 Climate
* 3 Demographics
* 4 Education
* 5 Culture
* 6 Economy
* 7 Administration
* 8 Transportation
* 9 References
* 10 External links
* 11 Original Source
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Barangays 557
Physical characteristics
Area 5,402.3 km²
(14th largest)
Population Total (2000)
(20th largest)
Density 208/km²
(41st highest)

Negros Island, the fourth largest island in the Philippines, is believed to have once been part of the island of Mindanao, but was cut off either by continental drift or the rising waters at the end of the ice age.[1] Among the early inhabitants of the island were dark-skinned natives belonging to the Negrito ethnic group, as well as the Chinese and Malays.[2] They called the island "Buglas", a native word which is believed to mean "cut off".[1] Spanish explorers on the expedition of Miguel Lopez de Legaspi first came to the island in April 1565. Legaspi dropped anchor in Bohol and sent his men to scout the island.[2] Because of the strong currents of the Tanon Strait between Cebu and Negros, they were carried for several days and forced to land on the western side of the island. They reported seeing many dark-skinned inhabitants, and they called the island "Negros" ("Negro" means "black" in Spanish). The island was sparsely settled at the time, except for a few coastal settlements including Ilog and Binalbagan. In 1571, Legaspi assigned encomiendas on the island to 13 of his men.[2]Augustinian friars began the Christianization of the island the next year. The island was administered as part of the jurisdiction of Oton until 1734 when it became a military district, and Ilog became the capital of the island. The capital was transferred to Himamaylan in 1795. Negros became a politico-military province in 1856 and the capital was transferred to Bacolod. Due to its proximity to Mindanao, the southeastern coast of Negros was in constant threat from Moro marauders looking for slaves, and watchtowers were built to protect the Christian villages. The moro raids and Negros Oriental's far distance from the Negros capital in Bacolod led 13 Recollect priests to petition for the division of the island in July 1876.[2] The island of Negros was divided into the provinces of Negros Oriental and Negros Occidental by a royal decree executed by Governor General Valeriano Weyler on January 1, 1890. Dumaguete City was assigned capital of Negros Oriental. In 1892, Siquijor became a part of Negros Oriental, having previously been administered by Spain under the politico-military province of Bohol. The Philippine Revolution reached the province in 1898, disrupting government functions but without bloodshed. Revolutionary troops in the province were composed mostly of farm laborers and other prominent people of the Negros Oriental province who were organized and led by Don Diego de la Viña. The Spanish government in Dumaguete was overthrown on November 24, 1898. Later, the Negros Occidental area under the leadership of Gen. Araneta only, in contrast to the Negros Oriental area under the leadership of Don Diego de la Viña, formed the Cantonal Republic of Negros,a separate government from the more familiar Malolos Republic established in Luzon.[3] In 1901 the Negros Oriental...
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