Romeo Parrenas Pelarco Jr.
January 15, 2013
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Ms. Ma. Dianne C. Bacamante
TC 101 – Principles in Tourism
HISTORY OF TOURISM
Early Tourism - Travel and exploration are basic to human nature.
“Torah” - Hebrew word
- “Noah with his Ark” must have been the first large-scale operator - his passengers were mostly animals.
Two Forms of Early Tourism:
1. Travel for business such as trading
- The invention of money, writing
- “wheel” by the Sumerians facilitated travel and exchange, of goods. 2. Religious travel
- Pilgrimages to places of worship
- Pilgrimages were made to fulfil a vow as in case of illness or of great danger or as penance for sins.
Tourism in the Medieval Period - travel declined.
“Travail” - heavy labor, anguish and pain
“Travel” was derived
After-the Decline of the Roman Empire in the 5th Century:
- Roads were not maintained and they became unsafe.
- Thieves inflicted harm on those who dared to travel.
- No one during this time travelled for pleasure.
- Crusaders and pilgrims were the only ones who travelled.
During the Renaissance and Elizabethan Eras:
"Grand Tour" - “The rite of passage” of gentleman’s education - Travel to cultural centers of the continent which lasted for three years.
During the Industrial Revolution:
- The Industrial Revolution brought about major changes in the scale and type of tourism development. - It brought about not only technological changes but also essential social changes that made travel desirable as a recreational activity.
Modern Tourism in the 19th century:
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