Tourism Early Tourism

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Name:Romeo Parrenas Pelarco Jr.
Date:January 15, 2013
FB / E-mail:rotaract_romeo18@yahoo.com
Contact #:0935-290-2222
Instructor:Ms. Ma. Dianne C. Bacamante
Subject:TC 101 – Principles in Tourism

HISTORY OF TOURISM
Early Tourism - Travel and exploration are basic to human nature.

“Torah” - Hebrew word
- Studying
- Learning
- Searching

Old Testament
- “Noah with his Ark” must have been the first large-scale operator - his passengers were mostly animals.

Two Forms of Early Tourism:
1. Travel for business such as trading
- The invention of money, writing
- “wheel” by the Sumerians facilitated travel and exchange, of goods. 2. Religious travel
- Pilgrimages to places of worship
- Pilgrimages were made to fulfil a vow as in case of illness or of great danger or as penance for sins.

Tourism in the Medieval Period - travel declined.
“Travail” - heavy labor, anguish and pain
“Travel” was derived

After-the Decline of the Roman Empire in the 5th Century:
- Roads were not maintained and they became unsafe.
- Thieves inflicted harm on those who dared to travel.
- No one during this time travelled for pleasure.
- Crusaders and pilgrims were the only ones who travelled.

During the Renaissance and Elizabethan Eras:
"Grand Tour" - “The rite of passage” of gentleman’s education - Travel to cultural centers of the continent which lasted for three years.

During the Industrial Revolution:
- The Industrial Revolution brought about major changes in the scale and type of tourism development. - It brought about not only technological changes but also essential social changes that made travel desirable as a recreational activity.

Modern Tourism in the 19th century:
← Railway...
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