THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
This chapter deals with the introduction, background of the study, purpose of the study, statement of the problem, significance of the study, scope and delimitation, assumption, conceptual framework, conceptual model and definition of terms.
Tourism is traveling for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes or the provision of services to support this leisure travel. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited". Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity. In 2004, there were over 763 million international tourist arrivals. The Philippine tourism started on the year 1970 and began to grow. As of January-September 2009 the government recorded 5.2 million tourists visiting the country. The Hospitality industry plays a big role in the tourism of the Philippines through resorts, hotel, restaurants and even cruise ships.
Montalban is one of the municipalities under Rizal Province. This area is declared one of the tourist spots in the Philippines because of its growing tourism. Behind the rising tourism in Montalban, the researcher’s objective is to know what are the hindrances encountered that can affect the tourism in Montalban. The researcher’s also aim to touch the minds and hearts of the local people especially the government officials to preserve, conserve and develop the area for the next generation.
The researchers believed that knowing and understanding this gathered information on the current status and problems will help the local people and the government officials to be aware and be conscious of their environment.
Tourism is one of the world's fastest growing industries as well as the major source of foreign exchange earning and employment for many developing countries. Tourism is vital to the well being of many countries, because of the income generated by the consumption of goods and services by tourists, the taxes levied on businesses in the tourism industry and the opportunity for employment and economic advancement by working in the industry.
Background of the Study
Tourism is a complex social, cultural and economic phenomenon and one of the most significant global phenomena, not to say the world's largest industry as many claim. Tourism is an eye opener to generate income among people. The government tends to increase the tourism but because of tourist activities the tourist areas can be destroyed.
At present Montalban is known for its beauty and cultural life. Local people have own ways of living and they depend on the area the province of Rizal spans for 130,383 hectares. Montalban makes up 26.8% on the entire province of Rizal, housing 11 barangays. The land mass of Montalban is big enough to be an ideal place for many purposes, such as agriculture, commerce such as the Avilon Zoo, and hiking and climbing spots of Wawa Gorge, relocation of communities (having a strategic position east of Rizal, and a lot of areas where low cost housing projects can be put up), subdivision areas for either low-,mid-,high-cost housing, and also for special uses (such as the landfill).
Purpose of the Study
The research is conducted for people to know the negative impacts of tourism in San Jose, Montalban. This is important because the negative impacts of tourism could affect the environment, economic and cultural status of the people. This research could bring information on how to improve the area for a better business establishment and for job opportunities.
Statement of the Problem
What are the possible problems of tourism in San Jose, Montalban?
What are the...