This report seeks to firstly research the definition of a tourist. The report will further continue explore and define a specific alternative tourism with a specific type of segment suitable to the alternative tourism chosen. Academic sources such as books, journals, magazines, magazines and databases will be used to analyze and interpret the data researched. Finally, the report will include a conclusion briefly clarify the findings of the report and thus include issues and recommendations.
2. TOURIST CLASSIFICATION
World Tourism Organization (WTO) perceive a tourist as an individual who either travels domestically or internationally whose purpose is to travel to an destination alternative to his or her own home environment for a duration of at least one night whereas additionally the destination does not disburse for the costs of the individuals (World Tourism Organization, 1995, pg. 1,4,5). A tourist is seen in various different ways, an alternative insight of how a tourist is seen from different perspective is seen by Reisinger Y. & Turner L. W. (2002) who describes a tourist in to two different categories, mainly nominal and operational tourist. Whereas nominal is an individual who visits a region for pleasure i.e recreational and friends/families with a minimum length of stay for 24 hours. Operational tourist however is an individual who is overseas in a particular destination for a minimum of 24 hours and maximum 12 months whilst is culturally different momentarily (Reisinger Y. & Turner L. W., 2002, pg. 37). This is further reinforced by Loannides D. & Debbage K. G. (1998) but with a slight difference where the time frames are excluded. Reflecting on the both definitions there are issues within the specific determinants. Murphy P. E. & Murphy A.E (2004) argues that WTO’s definition does not consider the boundaries of “environment of their homes” and the “reimbursement of tourists trips”. Considering today’s globalization, vast people have the possibility to have several “homes” located in different parts of the world, what exactly is then considered as “home”? Furthermore, individuals who have their trips sponsored by organizations, such as the Olympic Games and their athletes, should the athletes in these occasions not be considered as tourists? (Murphy P. E. & Murphy A.E, 2004, pg. 12) Alternatively, over the past decades the word “tourist” has had some major changes in its meaning parallel to the progression of the tourism industry. Bhatia A. K. (2006) perceives different ways of how dictionaries classify tourists which in 1800’s was referred to be “a person who travels for traveling, out of curiosity, and because he has nothing better to do”. Emphasizing the “curiosity” and “nothing better to do” contradicts Reisinger Y. & Turner L. W. (2002) and World Tourism Organization (1995) where the tourist is explained by these authors to have a purpose, which is occasionally pleasure; taking in to account the time frames and destinations rather than “nothing to do” (Bhatia A. K., 2006, pg. 55). However, there have been some progressions on the term and it was not until the year 1937 where the League of Nations established a solid meaning to the word tourist, which was later on, verified by the United Nations for statistical purposes of vast various countries. A few explanations, which were mentioned, were the following; -‐ -‐ “Person traveling for pleasure, for domestic reasons, for health etc. Person traveling for business purposes
Persons coming to establish a residence in the country Travelers passing through a country without stopping, even if the journey takes more than 24 hours”
(Bhatia A. K., 2006, pg. 56) Previous mentioned explanations above have been affiliating tourists to a behavior wise perspective. Although there are vast several of industries nowadays, naturally a view of perspective will eventually derive from these which...