What is Tourism?
Tourism includes several social practices. All these have the small common characteristic that they are different and they are a 'departure' from normal life. These characteristics help us to define tourism, which according to the W.T.O (World Trade Organization) is the movement of people away from their normal routine of residence and work for a period of not less than 24 hours and not more than 1 year. Tourism is a free time activity because it gets along with its opposite, that is adjusted and organized work. This shows us that in modem communities work and leisure are organized as separate and regulated areas of social practice. They are located in particular places and periods of time. Tourism involves the people activities, and the destinations they stop at. This involves a journey and services like transport, accommodation, catering and viewing etc. The trip to and stay at a place which is outside the normal place of work and residence for a period time. There is a clear objective when "going away" to "return borne". Tourism places are not connected with paid work and they preferably offer some compare with places where a person's work and residence are located. A substantial rate of the population engages in going away on holiday. Hence, new socialized forms of the provision for goods and services are built in order to cater to the mass character of tourism practices. The tourism is different from the traveler, because travel has an individual character where as tourism has, a mass character. Tourism is directed at places chosen for the anticipation (often built on day-dreaming and fantasy) of strong pleasure because such places are different to what we normally encounter. Such anticipation is supported through a variety of experiences which influence our daily lives like film, T.V, fiction, magazines, records, video etc. which build and reinforce our image of a tourist destination. The tourist's expectation is directed towards a landscape, a town or an event by pointing out those features that separate it from everyday life. While many features are viewed because they are out of the ordinary, there is much more emphasis on the visual elements that we have seen it before through photographs, post cards, films etc. In fact, we recapture the place through personal experience. Tourism, therefore, also involves the recognition and collection of signs that represent a reality of another time and another place. For example camel rides in the desert for a person who dwells in the hills.
A number of tourism professionals generate and develop these signs. They try to create new and newer objects for the consumption of the tourist's hope. What they produce and why it becomes an object of tourism, or why it becomes popular depends on the competition between the traveling industries for the attention of the tourist on the one hand, and on the other, the changing class, gender and generational differences of taste within the group of potential visitors. For example, one may stay in a five star hotel or a resort that one may take a pilgrimage or a beach holiday or one may go on a package tour or take a trekking holiday alone. Finally, tourism has also become a status symbol in modem community and thought to be necessary to ones’ health. Today 40% of leisure is dedicated to travel in developed countries. 429 million tourists spent U.S. $ 429 billion in 1990 and by the year 2000 tourism services will probably be the largest sources of employment in the world. These statistics reflect the fact that many new tourist places are opening all over the world and tourism is now a global phenomenon.
What is LGBT tourism?
LGBT tourism is a form of niche tourism market targeted to gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender who also called LGBT people. This tourism is usually open minded about their sexual oriental and gender character but may be more or less open when traveling; for example they may be closeted at...
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