Totalitarian Government

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Per:A
Megan O'Connor
Ms.Tolley
Honors English
March 31,2013

Totalitarian Government

The government influences our lives on a daily basis.In the novel 1984 written by George Orwell the government is the "Party".It is a totalitarian government exercising control over the freedom, will, or thought of others.(Dictionary.com)From the word “totalitarianism”, it is obvious that this form of system wants to have “total” control over their people. Unlike democratic rule, under totalitarianism, people have no right to speak, form political parties, or even choose their religion. Totalitarianism restricts what people think and their wants.Countries today that have a totalitarian government are:China,Cuba and Laos.The former Soviet Union was also a totalitarian government. There can only be one political party ruling the country.In writing 1984, Orwell's main goal was to warn of the serious danger totalitarianism poses to society.Orwell was a man of strong opinions who addressed some of the major political movements of his times, including imperialism, fascism and communism.Another of Orwell's creations for 1984 is Newspeak, a form of English that the book's totalitarian government utilizes to discourage free thinking.Newspeak was the official language of Oceania.(page 6) Orwell believed that, without a word or words to express an idea, the idea itself was impossible to conceive and retain.(cliffnotes.com)Newspeak is nothing like modern day English.Newspeak has an A vocabulary that is basically needed for everyday life,such as eating,drinking,working,getting dressed and riding in cars.There is not a large selection words like modern day English.There is also a B vocabulary which are only used for political purposes.Then there is a C vocabulary in Newspeak that has scientific and technical words.There is also duckspeak which sounds like a quacking of a duck. Having witnessed firsthand the horrific lengths to which totalitarian governments in Spain and Russia would go in order to sustain and increase their power, Orwell designed 1984 to sound the alarm in Western nations still unsure about how to approach the rise of communism.(Sparknotes.com) He goes to great lengths to demonstrate the terrifying degree of power and control a totalitarian regime can acquire and maintain. (GradeSaver.com) Big Brother is the leader of the party.He has black hair,a black mustache and looks calm and powerful.Under the Party you cannot commit a thought crime.Thought crime is thinking anything that the Party does is illegal.The thought police listen to conversations and control the thoughts and beliefs of the people.The main character Winston Smith who is 39 years old commits a thought crime when he opens the diary and when he writes,"DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER."If you commit a thought crime the punishment is vaporization.People like Winston are either tortured into being "correct" or vaporized.Winston Smith does not belive in their varity of beliefs.He is against them.There are large posters with the caption of "Big Brother is Watching You" (page 5).The goal of Big Brother is to keep all the people the same.Everywhere the people go Big Brother is watching them. The party has three slogans that read:"WAR IS PEACE,FREEDOM IS SLAVERY AND IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH."(page 30)Freedom Is Slavery” because, according to the Party, the man who is independent is doomed to fail. By the same token, “Slavery Is Freedom,” because the man subjected to the collective will is free from danger and want. “Ignorance Is Strength” because the inability of the people to recognize these contradictions cements the power of the authoritarian regime.(SparkNotes.com)Winston applies to all of these quotes.Under the "Freedom Is Slavery" quote we examine Winston as he is oppressed by the thought police and the Party.He has no individuality under the party and his whole life is controlled by the totalitarian government.Through Winstons eyes we look at the physical and psychological...
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