Topics for Biology 100/107 Test

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Below are a list of concepts and ideas you need to know for the first Bio 100/107 Test

Chapter 1:
What is the organizational hierarchy? What is each level? What are emergent properties? At what level does life emerge? Organisms interact with the environment: energy and atoms
Unity explains that cells have several common features. What are those features? What is diversity?
How does Evolution mediated by Natural Selection explain Unity and Diversity?

Chapter 2:
Life is composed of atoms
What is the generic structure of an atom?
How do atoms of different elements differ?
What determines how atoms bond to other atoms (intramolecular bond)? How can you determine which intramolecular bond [ionic, polar covalent, non-polar covalent] will form based on the periodic chart and table of electronegativities? What are intermolecular hydrogen bonds? How do they form?

How would you determine whether a molecule is likely to dissolve in water or not? Macromolecules (Structures (monomers, polymers), roles and structures) Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
Disaccharides
Polysaccharides (glycogen, starch, cellulose)
Lipids (Mainly hydrophobic)
Fats and oils (saturated vs monounsaturated vs polyunsaturated fatty acids)
Phospholipids (amphipathic components of phospholipid bilayer membranes)
Steroids
Proteins
Amino acids polymerized into polypeptides (proteins)
Diversity of function based on massive diversity of structure Perform most tasks of cells and organisms
Nucleic Acids
DNA and RNA comprised of linearized nucleotides
Genetic material
Responsible for encoding protein structures

Chapter 3:
What cellular features are common to all cells?
What are the major differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic c ells? Eukaryotic Cells: Basic structure and functions of
Membranes
Cytoskeleton
Making Proteins with Information in DNA
Endomembrane System
Energy Organelles

Chapter 4:
What is ATP for?
How does energy flow in ecosystems...
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