The novel is a literary gender which was developed late, firstly in the Modern Ages achieving its maturity in the 19th century, although it has its precedents in earlier periods, for example in the Antiquity and the Oriental literatures. According to Wikipedia:
“A novel is a long prose narrative that describes fictional characters and events in the form of a sequential story, usually. The genre has historical roots in the fields of medieval and early modern romance and in the tradition of the novella. The latter, an Italian word used to describe short stories, supplied the present generic English term in the 18th century”. (Wikipedia)
So, Henry Fielding was born in a period in which the novel was not fully developed, and he could be considered as a pioneer of this genre. His first major novel was “The History of the Adventures of Joseph Andrews and his friend, Mr. Abraham Adams”, published in 1742. The novel was a satire of the Samuel Richardson’s novel “Pamela” as a continuation of “Shamela”, a pamphlet which was a parody of “Pamela”. But the difference between “Shamela” and “Joseph Andews” lies in the parody, meanwhile “Shamela” is a parody, “Joseph Andrews” started as a parody but finally the novel turned into an independent work, the characters and plot have their own history.
The following and most famous work of Henry Fielding was “The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling”, published in 1749. In this novel, Fielding expresses a lot of things of his own life and things of the situation of England in that moment. But, on the contrary of which is thought, “Tom Jones” is not an historical novel in the sense of express a lot of things of the context of Great Britain (for example, the Jacobite Revolution in which Fielding was very interested, is only named two times in the book, which makes the reader set the novel in a context and a specific period but do not try to tell all the story of England), but in the sense of creating “histories” of its characters, Fielding was an innovator with this structure. So the novel is considered an historical novel but not in the sense in which most people understand it.
Henry Fielding had a lot of works, novels and plays. But the purpose of this essay is to make a comparison between the two novels named before, “Tom Jones” and “Joseph Andrews”, focusing on their structure in which will be analyzed the characters, and the style of the two novels trying to find the similarities and the differences. 2.
A COMPARISON OF THE STRUCTURE IN TOM JONES AND JOSEPH ANDREWS
Although, there are a lot of characters in both novels, this essay is going to focus on the most important characters such as Tom Jones, Sophia Western and Allworthy in “Tom Jones”, and Joseph Andrews, Fanny, and Parson Adams in “Joseph Andrews”.
Tom Jones is the main character of the novel “The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling”. And Joseph Andrews is the main character of the novel “The History of the Adventures of Joseph Andrews and his friend, Mrs. Abraham Adams”. As main characters they have many things in common. For example, at first, it was believed that Tom Jones was the son of Jenny Jones, so he was “adopted” by Mr. Allworthy and he was treated like a boy of the lower class, but finally, he discovered that he was the son of Bridget Allworthy, and his uncle, Mr. Allworthy named him heir of all his fortune. In “Joseph Andrews” was something similar. At first, it was believed that Joseph was the son of Mr. Gaffer Andrews and Mrs. Gamer Andrews who also belonged to the lower class, but finally, Joseph Andrews discovered that he is the son of a gentleman called Mr. Wilson.
But a difference between Tom and Joseph is how they deal with women. Joseph was pursued by Lady Booby and he rejected her and left her house in which he was working as a servant. He travelled to his home again and he met with Fanny, a girl who he was in love with. But Tom had many...
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