Tokat Woodblock printing
“TOKAT YAZMA” is made with “WOODBLOCK PRINTING” in Tokat, Turkey.
'Yazma' is the name given to the application of designs to textiles either directly with a brush, or using a wooden mold on which the design has been carved in relief (woodblock), or in combination. The latter is known as 'block-printing' in the West.
The major centers for this art in the Ottoman period were Amasra, Bartin, Diyarbakir, Gaziantep, Hatay, Istanbul, Kastamonu, Tokat, Yozgat and Zile. The specimens from Istanbul rose to prominence with its hand-painted 'Kandilli' textiles, highly prized for their artistry, in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. An example of woodblock-printing. The black outlines areas are applied to the cloth using appropriate molds. Such designs are carved in wooden molds by master printers using special knives. The beauty and refinement of the surviving examples of such molds attest to the high level of expertise attained in this art. The predominance of nature manifests itself in the motifs used as in all branches of Turkish art. Motifs such as stylized tulips, carnations, cherries, and pomegranate trees are frequently encountered alongside the occasional stag, horse, cock, sparrow and peacock motif. Black, brown and dark red tones predominate on the prints of Tokat. Printed textiles such as head scarves, quilt covers, tablecloths, prayer mats, pillowcases, handkerchiefs, couch covers, napkins, towels, shirts and turbans were some of the highly prized items during Ottoman times. The art of block-printing is slowly vanishing today. This traditional art once practiced so intensively in several regions of Anatolia, survives today on a limited scale in Tokat and Kastamonu.
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