Toefl

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TOEFL词汇题精选440题
001. Most of these leaders were involved in
public life as reformers, activists working for
women's right to vote, or authors, and were not
representative at all of the great of ordinary
women.
The word "representative" is closest in
meaning to which of following?
(A) typical
(B) satisfied
(C) supportive
(D) distinctive
002. In the United States, Louis Comfort
Tiffany (1843-1933) was the most noted
exponent of this style, producing a great variety
of glass forms and surfaces, which were widely
copied in their time and are highly prized
today.
The word "prized" is closest in meaning to
which of following?
(A) valued
(B) universal
(C) uncommon
(D) preserved
003. The Art Nouveau style was a major force
in the decorative arts from 1895 until 1915,
although its influence continued throughout
the mid-1920's. It was eventually to be
overtaken by a new school of thought known
as Functionalism that had been present since
the turn of the century.
The word "overtaken" is closest in meaning to
which of following?
(A) surpassed
(B) inclined
(C) expressed
(D) applied
004. During most of their lives, surge glaciers
behave like normal glaciers, traveling perhaps
only a couple of inches per day. However, at
intervals of 10 to 100 years, these glaciers
move forward up to 100 times faster than
usual.

The word "intervals" is closest in meaning to
which of following?
(A) records
(B) speeds
(C) distances
(D) periods
005. The increasing water pressure under the
glacier might lift it off its bed, overcoming the
friction between ice and rock, thus freeing the
glacier, which rapidly sliders downhill surge
glaciers also might be influenced by the
climate, volcanic heat, or earthquakes.
The word "freeing" is closest in meaning to
which of following?
(A) pushing
(B) releasing
(C) strengthening
(D) draining
006. A flood of ice would then surge into the
Southern Sea. With the continued rise in sea
level, more ice would plunge into the ocean,
causing sea levels to rise even higher, which in
turn would release more ice and set in motion a
vicious cycle.
The word "plunge" is closest in meaning to
which of following?
(A) drop
(B) extend
(C) melt
(D) drift
007. Group members look to instrumental
leaders to "get things done." Expressive
leadership, on the other hand, is leadership
that emphasizes the collective well-being of a
social group's members.
The word "collective" is closest in meaning to
which of following?
(A) necessary
(B) typical
(C) group
(D) particular
1

008. They offer sympathy when someone
experiences difficulties or is subjected to
discipline, are quick to lighten a serious
moment with humor, and try to resolve issues
that threaten to divide the group.
The word "resolve" is closest in meaning to
which of following?
(A) avoid repeating
(B) talk about
(C) avoid thinking about
(D) find a solution for

Earth --- is a vast frontier that even today is
largely unexplored and uncharted, until about a
century ago, the deep-ocean floor was
completely inaccessible, hidden beneath
waters averaging over 3,600 meters deep.
The word "inaccessible" is closest in meaning
to which of following?
(A) unrecognizable
(B) unreachable
(C) unusable
(D) unsafe

009. Thousands of tons were extracted before
1875, when it was first noticed that the tar
contained fossil remains. Major excavations
were undertaken that established the
significance of this remarkable site.
The word "noticed" is closest in meaning to
which of following?
(A) predicted
(B) announced
(C) corrected
(D) observed

013. The DSDP's drill ship, the Glomar
Challenger, was able to maintain a steady
position on the ocean's surface and drill in very
deep waters, extracting samples of sediments
and rock from the ocean floor.
The word "extracting" is closest in meaning to
which of following?
(A) breaking
(B) locating
(C) removing
(D) analyzing

010. Since...
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