Today's Issues on Ivf

Topics: In vitro fertilisation, Preimplantation genetic diagnosis, Assisted reproductive technology Pages: 1 (383 words) Published: April 16, 2013
“With today’s application of biotechnological techniques to alleviate infertility, the ethical issues associated with the beginning of human life have assumed a new dimension.” Discuss. wards, the physiologist who developed the treatment, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2010. The term in vitro, from the Latin meaning in glass, is used, because early biological experiments involving cultivation of tissues outside the living organism from which they came, were carried out in glass containers such as beakers, test tubes, or petri dishes. Today, the term in vitro is used to refer to any biological procedure that is performed outside the organism it would normally be occurring in, to distinguish it from an in vivo procedure, where the tissue remains inside the living organism within which it is normally found. A colloquial term for babies conceived as the result of IVF, "test tube babies", refers to the tube-shaped containers of glass or plastic resin, called test tubes, that are commonly used in chemistry labs and biology labs. However, in vitro fertilisation is usually performed in the shallower containers called Petri dishes. One IVF method, Autologous Endometrial Coculture, is actually performed on organic material, but is still considered in vitro. Contents  [hide]  * 1 Indications * 2 Method * 2.1 Ovarian hyperstimulation * 2.2 Natural and mild IVF * 2.3 Final maturation and egg retrieval * 2.4 Egg and sperm preparation * 2.5 Fertilisation * 2.6 Embryo culture * 2.7 Embryo selection * 2.8 Embryo transfer * 3 Success rates * 3.1 Live birth rate * 3.2 Pregnancy rate * 3.3 Success or failure factors * 3.3.1 Stress * 3.3.2 Biomarkers * 3.3.3 Other factors * 4 Complications in the IVF procedure * 4.1 Multiple births * 4.2 Birth defects * 4.3 Other risks * 5 Expansions * 5.1 Preimplantation genetic screening or diagnosis (PGS or PGD)...
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