Today's India

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1. Inequalities among citizens
a. Explain what the caste system is Æ The Dalits, p. 151
– division of society into four unequal hereditary social classes /castes + the Dalits (or Untouchables) who are outcastes…
b. Point out the gap between rich and poor Æ A country on the march, p. 24 – From Bombay to Mumbai, p. 31 – Two stories, p. 32
– fourth highest number of billionaires in the world (55) vs 42% people living below 80p (0.93€) a day…
– Dharavi slum in Mumbai: overpopulated (314,887 inhabitants/km2 )…
– 20-year-old Suhas Gopinath: the world’s youngest CEO vs 24 year-old Bisu Das, who sells garbage to make a living…
2. Inequalities among men and women
a. Explain what the dowry tradition is Æ The dowry tradition, p. 151 – the wife’s family gives a “dowry” or gift to the future husband’s family on marriage… – dowry deaths…
– bride burning…
b. Explain why there is a “gendercide” in India Æ India’s girls go missing, p. 20 – Another girl, p. 22 – A country on the march, p. 24
– gendercide = gender-selected abortions, female infanticide, dowry-related murders… – 600,000 Indian girls go missing every year…
– 940 girls for every 1,000 boys…
– sons financially more attractive than daughters…
– two-child families encouraged by family planning, poor families can’t afford two girls… – example of Kavita’s husband (Text 1) who wanted to get rid of their daughter at birth… 3. The evolution of Indian society

a. A changing economy Æ The two Indias, p. 20 – The Great Indian Dream, p. 21 – A country on the march, p. 24 – Changing India, p. 26
– Hyderabad: “High-tech city” /“Cyberabad”…
– Bangalore: high-tech enclaves…
– growth of the high-tech sector /computing and communications revolution… – record GDP growth of more than 8 percent every year…
– India at the heart of the world’s network of remote service provision… – India has changed dramatically: farms give way to factories… b. Successful women Æ High-tech cities, p. 20 – Is microcredit changing India?, p. 21 – The Great Indian Dream, p. 21 – Changing India, p. 26 – The world’s largest democracy, p. 31 – example of Sirisha, an Indian entrepreneur who left her job in Manhattan to found her own company in India…

– women at the forefront of the microcredit movement…
– female literacy rate still lower than the male rate (64% vs 83%) but educational programmes allow girls to become literate…
– women are becoming breadwinners through microcredit…
– two women at the head of the government (Indira Gandhi: first female Prime Minister, Pratibha Patil: first female President of India)…

Expliquez le terme “empowerment of citizens”.
To empower people means to give more power and responsibilities: the power to make their own decisions, the power to have their say…
Élaboration d’un plan et prise de notes
1. New technologies
List the tools that are easily available to citizens and what they can do with them → Think different, p. 56 – The power of Google, p. 56 – Empowered citizens, p. 57 – Google, p. 153 – WikiLeaks, p.153

– The Internet and a whole range of digital tools now available: the computer, smartphones, the iPad:
– Instant communication much easier than ever before and available to everyone… – Development of citizen movements worldwide to fight social and economic inequalities and difficulties: the Arab Spring, the 99% movement, other “Occupy” movements… – Citizens can make their voices heard more than ever before thanks to the Internet in particular: WikiLeaks, for instance…

– Search engines like Google:
– Easier for anyone to find the right information on the Internet… – Google Earth: possibility to view towns, regions, countries without moving from home or to plan holidays by visiting a region online…

– Phones with built-in cameras:
– Enable anyone to take pictures or record events as they occur… – Post pictures or films on any social network…
– Citizens empowered as journalists or reporters…
2. How new technologies have empowered...
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