Author And Page Information
• by Anup Shah
• This Page Last Updated Wednesday, July 02, 2008
• This page:http://www.globalissues.org/article/533/tobacco. • To print all information e.g. expanded side notes, shows alternative links, use the print version: o http://www.globalissues.org/print/article/533
Tobacco and smoking have a number of negative effects:
• Tobacco smoking kills
• Tobacco exacerbates poverty
• Tobacco contributes to world hunger by diverting prime land away from food production • Tobacco production damages the environment
• Tobacco reduces economic productivity
• While the Tobacco industry may employ people, this can be considered an example of “wasted labor”, capital and resources.
When governments and organizations have attempted to control tobacco (for example, where it is used, or how it is advertised), the tobacco industry uses its enormous resources to derail or weaken laws and agreements.
These issues are introduced below.
This web page has the following sub-sections:
1. Tobacco Smoking Kills
2. Tobacco Exacerbates Poverty
3. Tobacco Contributes To World Hunger, Diverting Prime Land From Food Production 4. Tobacco Production Damages The Environment
5. Tobacco Reduces Economic Productivity
6. The Framework Convention On Tobacco Control
7. Tobacco Industry Hitting Back
1. Expanding Third World Markets
2. Targeting Children, Teenagers And Women
3. Public Relations And WHO-Discrediting Campaigns
5. Tobacco Companies Accused Of Attempting To Undermine Tobacco Treaty 8. Wasted Wealth, Resources And Labor
9. Free Choice?
10. More Information
Tobacco Smoking Kills
The world’s premier health organization, the World Health Organization (WHO) is quite blunt about the impacts of tobacco and smoking:
• Tobacco is the second major cause of death in the world. o It is currently responsible for the death of 1 in 10 adults o It is the leading preventable causes of all deaths o It kills Tobacco up to half of its regular users.
o In 2005, tobacco caused 5.4 million deaths (1 every 6 seconds) o If current smoking patterns continue, it will cause some 8 million deaths each year by 2030 o Tobacco caused 100 million deaths in the 20th century. o At current trends up to one billion will die in the 21st century. • An estimated 1.3 billion people smoke
o 84% of all smokers live in developing and transitional economy countries o Most people start smoking before the age of 18; almost a quarter of these individuals begin using tobacco before the age of 10 o 47.5% of all men smoke compared to 10.3% of women.
• Tobacco is the fourth most common risk factor for disease worldwide. • Tobacco is deadly in any form or disguise:
o Cigarettes, pipes, bidies, kreteks, clove cigarettes, snus, snuff, smokeless, cigars… o Mild, light, low tar, full flavor, fruit flavored, chocolate flavored, natural, additive-free, organic cigarettes, PREPS (Potentially Reduced-Exposure Products), harm-reduced… • An estimated 200,000 workers die every year due to exposure to smoke at work; The US Environmental Protection Agency estimates that second-hand smoke is responsible for about 3000 lung cancer deaths annually among non-smokers in the country. • In 2000, fire caused by tobacco smoking caused
o 10% of all fire deaths
o 300,000 deaths
o US$27 billion in costs
• Why is tobacco a public health priority?, WHO, December 1, 2004 • FAQ on the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and the context in which it was negotiated, WHO, September 20, 2004 • Tobacco: deadly in any form or disguise, World No Tobacco Day 2006, WHO, 2006 • 2008 World No Tobacco Day event, WHO, May 31, 2008
• 10 facts about tobacco and second-hand smoke, WHO, May 31, 2008 • The Tobacco Atlas; Costs to the Economy [pic], WHO, last accessed July 2,...