To What Extent Had Hitler Established a Dictatorship by 1936?

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Hitler had absolute control of Germany by 1934; therefore, he had established dictatorship by 1936 to a total extent. By definition, a dictator is an individual who has complete control over a nation’s religion, beliefs, has physical obedience of their subjects and has no opposition. This description is correct in describing Hitler, because he had the power to make laws, dismiss the Reichstag, control education, the media, books, and to eliminate opposition. He established compulsory youth groups and trade unions in order to present and impose his racist and supremacy ideology. Hitler’s idea of ‘Gleichshaltung’ (co-ordination) was established in order to co-ordinate all aspects of political and social life. Hitler achieved this by eliminating any opposition, creating a fear of Jews and Communists, and by sustaining his popularity with the citizens of Germany.

One of the key factors that enabled Hitler to establish a dictatorship in Germany by 1936 was his ability to gain and sustain popularity from the German nation. In his speeches, he addressed every socio-economic group and promised answers to their problems. One such example was unemployment. Hitler fulfilled his promise by forming the National Labour Service in 1934, where it was compulsory for men from the ages of 19 to 25 to perform public works for six months, such as building the O-Bahn, which was a road that allowed the transportation of ammunition and troops. By creating the National Labour Service, the number of unemployment, decreased from 6,000,000 in 1933 to 302,000 by 1939. This gained popularity for Hitler because he was providing employment, and thus allowing people to gain an income, which in turn was addressing some of the main issues in Germany. But at the same time, it was part of Hitler’s scheme to prepare Germany for War, which was defying The Treaty of Versailles. Germany was embittered from the social, economic and financial implications of the Treaty of Versailles, and was...
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