To What Extent Did the Collapse of the Weimar Republic Lead to the Rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party?

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  • Topic: Adolf Hitler, Nazi Germany, Weimar Republic
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  • Published : September 30, 2010
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To What Extent Did the Collapse Of the Weimar Republic Lead To The Rise Of Hitler and The Nazi Party?

During the process of choosing a topic, I had many ideas that I wanted to research. I thought about exploring areas in Art and English but I constantly kept having thoughts about history. I love to learn about our history and I was attracted to choosing a topic that had to do with Hitler’s Germany. History is one of my most favorite subjects in school. I always look forward to becoming more educated in areas that have to do with our world’s past. For many years I have briefly learned about The Holocaust, Nazi Germany and Hitler, but I wanted to learn more. Choosing Hitler and the rise of the Nazi party was a common theme that I have always longed to do. Even though I have no family that actually experienced life in Nazi Germany, I have met people who told me amazing stories about their knowledge of Germany during the early twentieth century. Writing a paper on this subject matter will not only be very interesting but at the same time enjoyable to study. Adolf Hitler's rise to power resulted from various factors, one of the most important being the poor leadership in Germany and the economical and political conditions. His ability to influence the media and the entire country of Germany and further taking over Germany's poor leadership was a result of the collapse of the Weimar Republic.

During the early 1920s, Germany was struggling with both economic and political instability. After Germany was destroyed in the Great War, they were forced to sign The Treaty of Versailles. This was the Peace Settlement between the Allies and Germany at the end of the First World War.

The Treaty of Versailles' hateful terms and unreasonable damages to the German society resulted in undesired economic circumstances. When the Germans heard about the Treaty of Versailles, they felt it was unfair.   They had not been allowed to take part in any of the talks and they had just been told to sign. The Weimar Republic was held accountable for many of the damage done during the war. “The treaty had clauses that resulted in areas of land being taken from Germany”.(7) Several maps printed will clearly show that Germany suffered large territorial losses. “The provinces of Alsace and Lorraine returned to France; parts of Schleswig were ceded to Denmark; to the east, new countries were created to roughly match the ethnic balance of the area and finally, 'The Polish Corridor' was created which gave the Poles a broad strip of land that connected it to the sea - and consequently separated Eastern Prussia from the rest of Germany.”(7) Germany did not only loose territories all across Europe. All of Germany's colonies that were overseas were taken over by the Allies. “In total, Germany lost over one million square miles of land (28,000 of which had previously formed part of European Germany) and 6 million subjects.”(7) But not only did Germany loose great amounts of land, they also were held liable for the cost of the. Germany was forced to make payments, called reparations, which would be paid monthly and would total around 6,600 million. (7) In addition, Germany had lost some of their most precious sources of Raw materials as their colonies, and other lands were taken away. These factors would make it harder for Germany’s economy to cope. Limits were also placed on German arms and military strength. The terms of the treaty were humiliating to most Germans.

Since Germany was blamed for just about all the war damage, this brought forward feelings of fear, anger and insecurity towards the Weimar Republic.   Hitler built on these feelings and offered the secure and promising alternative of the extremist Nazi party. Although there were many factors that contributed to the rise of Hitler and the collapse of the Weimar republic, Hitler's ability to build upon people's frustration with the treaty of Versailles was the primary reason for Hitler's rise to...
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