To What Extent Did Alexander 3 React to the Reforms of Alexander 2?

Topics: Alexander II of Russia, Nicholas II of Russia, Alexander III of Russia Pages: 3 (1235 words) Published: January 16, 2013
To what extent did Alexander 3 react to the reforms of Alexander 2? The term "reaction" refers to a backward change and the term "reform" means to overhul the situation and change it, most of the time for the better. Alexander II also known as the liberator, was the Emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881. He was responsible for reforms of the legal system, local goverment, armed forces and the emancipation of the serfs, which was the the most important reform in 1861. When Alexander the Liberator died in 1881 his second son became a Tsar. Alexander III or Alexander the Peacemaker was the Emperor of Russia from 1881 to 1894. Alexander III cracked down severely on reform and revolutionary groups, prompting growing unrest. The main reform that Alexander II was responsible for was the emancipation of the serfs in 1861. This led to subsidence agriculture, which meant that farmers could only produce enough to feed themselves or their family. This meant there was not going to be enough food for the rest of the population, which could lead to starvation and there will be no exports. However if the serfs wanted to be free they had to consenpate the new landowners and pay the redemptation taxes for 49 years. Their lives were regulated by the Mir, a commune system that collects taxes. Also the economy would become ineffective which would push Russia even more backwards than the rest of the world. When Alxender III came to power, the post of land captains was set up for a land owners to exploit peasents and the membership of the Zemstvos was restricted to landowners. Alexander III also launched a campaign of repression, and as said by Orlando Figes ' as so often during its political downfall, the old regime chose repression instead of compromise and thus created the political hostility of the zemstvos'. The second reform made by Tsar Alexander II was the Legislative reform in 1870. Alexander II introduced a first form of elective goverment in Russian history, although...
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