To Kill a Mockingbird - Thematic Essay

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To Kill a Mockingbird – Thematic Essay
Kathryn Lang

I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the republic for

which it stands; one nation indivisible with liberty and justice for all.

United States Pledge of Allegiance 1924-1954

My essay will be on the thesis topic of; Justice and fairness are very elusive concepts in

To Kill a Mockingbird, yet Atticus and Scout continue to believe in them. Although the

tragedy of the Tom Robinson case is cause for pessimism, Atticus and Scout maintain

hope for justice and fairness through their ability to recognize positive traits in the people

of Maycomb. My supporting arguments that support this thesis are; Atticus believes that

all people should be treated equal/same; Scout is too innocent to see a huge difference in

people and the last argument, Atticus has raised his children not to judge people.

My first supporting argument is, Atticus believes that all people should be treated the

same. This is pretty obvious in the book because, if he didn’t think that people should be

treated the same then he wouldn’t have defended and believed Tom Robinson for all the

time he did. He has very strong values and lives by them. He also sees no problem with

his children growing up and becoming accepting of other races. He let his children go to

the black church with their housemaid Cal and he didn’t hesitate because, he knew that

his children would be in good hands and be safe. “- the evil assumption that all Negros

lie; that all Negros are basically immoral begins, that all negro men are not trusted around

our women, an assumption one associates with minds of their caliber.” (Lee 273). This

quote fully shows the point that I am trying to make about Atticus. He doesn’t think that a

man should be treated any differently depending on his skin tone. He believes that Bob

Ewell (the father of the daughter who was supposedly raped by Tom Robinson) should be

punished the same way Tom Robinson would have been punished if he did do the crime

because, all the evidence points to Bob but, really the public and jury just don’t want to

believe what Atticus is trying to get them to realize. These are the reasons why Atticus

Finch treats everyone the same no matter their race.

My next supporting argument is; Scout is too innocent to see a huge change in people. I

feel like the text shows how she does see a change in people by their social status. For

example, she judges the Ewell’s and the Cunningham’s because, they are obviously very

poor, but I cannot recall a moment in the text where Scout is judging anyone by their

race. She goes to church with Cal and she doesn’t see a huge change or is scared by the

fact that everyone else in the church is different then her. She doesn’t really care and she

fights back when the kids at school call her a nigger-lover. She also doesn’t see a

problem when Jem, Dill and herself go up to the black balcony and doesn’t hesitate to say

yes when Rev. Sykes asks them to come up. “- I burst into tears and fled to Calpurnia.”

(Lee 153). I think this is a good quote to show what I am trying to represent. Scout almost

views Cal as a mother sort of figure. Cal is tough enough to be more of a mother than a

friend but, she still gives Scout enough comfort and support when she needs it. These are

my reasons why I believe that Scout is too innocent to see a huge change in people.

My final supporting argument for my thesis statement is, Atticus has raised his children

not to judge people. This is obvious throughout the book because, you see the way that

Scout and Jem act around the black people and they don’t treat them any differently than

anyone else. “‘Gosh yes,’...
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